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UA 510/90 - Haiti: Extrajudicial execution: Jeanine Derosier

, Index number: AMR 36/010/1990

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 36/10/90
Distr: UA/SC
UA 510/90 Extrajudicial Execution 18 December 1990
Amnesty International is seriously concerned at reports of the killing of Jeanine
Derosier, a 44-year-old banana vendor, by Haitian police in Port-au-Prince on the
evening of 17 December 1990.
According to the information received by Amnesty International, Jeanine
Dérosier, who was seven months pregnant, was among a group of people who had gathered
outside the parish church of St. Jean Bosco in La Saline, a shanty town of the capital
Port-au-Prince, to celebrate the apparent electoral victory of Father Jean-Bertrand
Aristide. The celebration was reportedly peaceful. Eyewitnesses reported that
uniformed policemen driving a pick up truck opened fire on the group and shot Jeanine
Dérosier, who was hit in the head and abdomen at close range. They then reportedly
drove the pickup truck over her body. Several other celebrants are reported to have
been wounded by the gunfire.
Presidential and legislative elections were held on 16 December 1990. Although final
official results had not been announced by the evening of 17 December, it was widely
acknowledged that Father Jean-Bertrand Aristide has won by a large majority. The
elections took place in a calm atmosphere, although there had been fears that violence
might erupt. However, prior to the elections, on 5 December a bomb attack at the end
of a political rally organized in support of Father Jean-Bertrand Aristide killed
at least seven people and left well over 50 wounded. Elections scheduled for 29 November
1987 were abandoned after at least 30 people were killed and many injured at a polling
station, by armed groups said to be working in close collaboration with the security
forces. Subsequent elections which were boycotted by the main opposition candidates
and a large proportion of the electorate, took place on 17 January 1988, in an atmosphere
of fear, and were largely regarded as fraudulent. The elected government of President
Leslie Manigat was later overthrown in a coup in June 1988. The December 1990 elections
were the first to take place since January 1988.
Father Jean-Bertrand Aristide, an outspoken critic of successive governments,
has survived at least three assassination attempts. In September 1988, dozens of
men armed with guns and machetes attacked his parish church of St. Jean Bosco. One
of their main targets appeared to be Father Aristide, who was saying Mass. At least
12 parishioners were killed and over 70 wounded in the attack. In April 1990 judicial
proceedings were initiated against a member of the armed forces charged involved in
the attack, but the case has yet to come to trial.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the brutal killing of Jeanine Dérosier and the wounding of
others by the Haitian police;
- asking that immediate, fully independent and impartial inquiries be opened into
the incident, that their results be made public and that those found responsible be
brought to justice;
- asking the Haitian authorities to take immediate measures to prevent further attacks
on the civilian population by or with the acquiescence of the security forces.
Son Excellence
Président de la République d'Haïti
Palais National
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: President, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telexes: 20068 PALAIS or 20551 SECEXEC
Faxes: +509 22 3 9407 (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Monsieur le Colonel Jean Thomas
Ministre de la Défense Nationale
Palais des Ministères
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Ministre Defense, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telexes: 20515 DPTINDN
Faxes: +509 22 3 9407 (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Maître Joseph Maxi
Ministre de l'Intérieur
Palais des Ministères
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Ministre Interieur, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telexes: 20515 DPTINDN
Monsieur le Lieutenant-General Hérard Abraham
Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Armées d'Haïti
Rue Geffrard
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Commandant Forces Armees, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telexes: 20391 GQFADH
Monsieur le Colonel Jean-Claude DUPERVAL
Cef de la Police Nationale
Grand Quartier General de la Police
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Police chief Duperval, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Monsieur le Docteur Louis Roy
Conseil d'Etat
Présidence de la Republiqué
Palais National
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Haïti en Marche (newspaper)
173 N.W. 94 St
FL 33150, USA
Radio Haïti Inter
Boîte Postale 737
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Father Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Lafanmi Selavie,
P.O. Box 2457,
Rue Camille Léon 27 bis,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
and to diplomatic representatives of Haiti in your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 29 January 1990.

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