The Democratic Republic of the Congo has some of the world’s most important mineral reserves. For more than a decade the extraction of these resources has been linked to conflict, human rights abuses and corruption. In the southern province of Katanga, people’s lives have been torn apart as a result of mining operations. Small-scale miners working in appalling conditions have suffered arbitrary detention, beatings, ill-treatment or even death at the hands of the police or the mines’ security personnel. Communities have been forcibly evicted from mining areas. This report highlights significant human rights abuses in Katanga’s mining sector.