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UA 345/91 - Sudan: fear of torture / legal concern: Adnan Zahir Surur, Anwar Abbas, Amar Abdel Khalig

, Index number: AFR 54/017/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/17/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 345/91 Fear of Torture/legal concern 18 October 1991
SUDAN Adnan Zahir Surur - lawyer
Anwar Abbas
Amar Abdel Khalig
The three men named above were arrested in Khartoum in August 1991 and have
since been held incommunicado without charge or trial in a secret detention
centre, a so-called "ghost house". Their whereabouts are unknown and Amnesty
International is concerned that they are at risk of torture and ill-treatment.
This is the third time Adnan Zahir Surur has been detained since the current
military government seized power on 30 June 1989. First arrested in December
1989, he was released in May 1991 following a general amnesty for all political
prisoners. Shortly afterwards, in June 1991, he was re-arrested, only to be
freed again after a few weeks. His latest arrest took place in August 1991.
There have been extensive human rights violations in Sudan since a military
government seized power on 30 June 1989. Hundreds of non-violent opponents
of the government have been imprisoned without charge or trial. On 30 April
1991 the authorities announced a general amnesty which led to the release of
over 300 prisoners of conscience, although not all political prisoners were
in fact freed. There are reports of new arrests of government opponents and
at least 40 prisoners of conscience remain in prison. In addition prisoners
held incommunicado for short periods of time in secret detention centres,
nick-named "ghost houses", have been subjected to torture. Amnesty
International has been able to confirm the torture in "ghost houses" of more
than 60 people arrested since November 1989 by members of a security force
known as "the Security of the Revolution". One of their victims, Ali Fadul,
a medical doctor, is reported to have died as a result of torture on 22 April
1990 (see UA 164/90, AFR 54/22/90, 25 April 1990).
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the reported arrest of the three people named above
and about reports that they are being held incommunicado in a secret detention
- calling for investigations into their treatment in detention in view of past
reports of torture in detention centres;
- requesting assurances that the three are being humanely treated and given
access to lawyers and relatives;
- urging the government to release them immediately and unconditionally if
they are not to be charged promptly with offences of a recognizably criminal
page 2 of UA 345/91
His Excellency Lieutenant General Omar Hassan al-Bashir Your Excellency
Head of State and Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
Major-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh Dear Major-General
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior
and Deputy Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig Gen Mohamed Saleh al-Zubeir, Khartoum,Sudan
Telexes: 22736 PROC SD or 22380 AUAC SD
Brigadier Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan Dear Minister
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice
Telegrams: Brig Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD
(via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Mr Ali Sahloul
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Afairs
Khartoum Sudan
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 28 November 1991.

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