This paper incudes accounts of the rape and sexual abuse of women in 15 countries. The violations range from the gang rape of a girl of only 14 to the rape of a heavily pregnant woman and the sexual humiliation and body searching of a woman aged seventy years. The perpetrators of these abuses were, in all cases, members of the security forces. AI is concerned that, in many cases, no serious effort appears to have been made to investigate these crimes and charge those responsible. Accounts of the torture and ill- treatment of pregnant women are included, often causing miscarriage and the loss of their babies. Many of the victims were involved in politics, trade unions, human rights or community work; others are relatives or friends of men sought by the security forces.