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Further information on UA 146/92 (MDE 28/02/92, 7 May) - Algeria: death penalty: Aissa Messaoudi (also known as Tayeb El Afghani), Lazhar Amar, Mohamed Nguia, Bechir Rezig, Ahmed Osman (note corrected name), Kamel Rukhe, Antar Tera (note corrected name),

, Index number: MDE 28/005/1993

On 14 January 1993 the Algerian Supreme Court confirmed the death sentences passed on the first 12 named above. They had been sentenced to death in May 1993 for participating in an attack on a border post in Guemmar in November 1991 in which three soldiers were killed.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 28/05/93
Distr: UA/SC
27 January 1993
Further information on UA 146/92 (MDE 28/02/92, 7 May 1992) - Death Penalty
ALGERIA:Aissa Messaoudi (also known as Tayeb El Afghani)
Lazhar Amar
Mohamed Nguia
Bechir Rezig
Ahmed Osman (note corrected name)
Kamel Rukhe
Antar Tera (note corrected name)
Tayeb Sennouga
Khalid Kessous
Lamine Athmania (note corrected name)
Jamal Bou Djelkha
Belgacem Tlili
Abdelnacer Saidani (no longer under sentence of death: re-tried
and sentenced to 15-year prison term)
Amnesty International is gravely concerned at the confirmation on
14 January 1993 by the Algerian Supreme Court of 12 death sentences passed
on 4 May 1992.
The 13 people named above were sentenced to death in May 1992 by the military
court in Ouargla. Abdelnacer Saidani was sentenced in absentia but was later
re-tried and sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment. All 13 were convicted of
participating in an attack against a border post in Guemmar in November 1991,
during which three of the soldiers defending the post were killed. The charges
brought against them included plotting against state security, theft of weapons
and ammunitions, forming an armed band, murder, and crimes against the authority
of the state.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Under Algerian law, those convicted by the military court may apply to the
Supreme Court for review by cassation. The review concerns only alleged
misapplications of the law, not facts. Once the death sentences have been
upheld by the Supreme Court, executions may not be carried out until a plea
for clemency has been presented to the President and refused.
The first executions known to have been carried out in Algeria since 1989 took
place on 11 January 1992, when two men were executed by firing squad. They
had had their death sentences confirmed by the Supreme Court in October 1992.
Forty-eight death sentences have been imposed over the last year, bringing
the number of those now said to be on death row to over 120.
Amnesty International recognises the right of governments to bring to justice
and to punish those responsible for criminal offences such as those mentioned
above but unconditionally opposes the death penalty in all cases as a violation
of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment and punishment, as proclaimed by the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
airmail letters
- expressing your concern that the Supreme Court has upheld the death sentences
of the 12 people named above;
- urging President Ali Kefi to commute these death sentences when the
Page 2 of FU 146/92
clemency pleas are presented to him;
- urging that all death sentences be immediately commuted;
- reiterating that whilst Amnesty International does not condone acts of
violence and recognizes the right of governments to bring to justice those
responsible for such acts, the organization unconditionally opposes the death
penalty in all cases as the ultimate form of cruel, inhuman and degrading
punishment and a violation of the right to life, as proclaimed in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights;
- urging that steps be taken towards abolishing the death penalty in Algeria.
APPEALS TO:
1) President Salutation: Excellence/Your Excellency
Président M. Ali KEFI
Président de la République
Présidence de la République
El-Mouradia
Alger, Algérie
Telegrams: President Kefi, Alger, Algérie
Faxes: + 213 2 609618
Telexes: 66044/66088
2) High Council of State Member Salutation: Excellence/Your Excellency
M. Ali HAROUN
Membre du Haut Comité d'Etat
Palais du Gouvernement
Alger, Algérie
Telexes: 66217/66221/66044/66088
3) Minister of the Interior Salutation: Excellence/Your Excellency
M. Mohamed HARDI
Ministre de l'Interieur
Ministère de l'Interieur et des Collectivetés Locales
Alger, Algérie
Telexes: 66341
Faxes: + 213 2 618802 / + 213 2 645793
4) Minister of Justice Salutation: Excellence/Your Excellency
M. Mohamed Téguia
Ministre de la Justice
Ministère de la Justice
8 rue de Khartoum
El-Biar
Alger, Algérie
Faxes: 213 2 605161
Telexes: 66241/66178/66243
PLEASE ALSO SEND COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS to the following Human Rights
Organizations:
Observatoire national des droits de l'homme
Palais du Peuple
Avenue F. Roosevelt
Alger, Algérie
Ligue algérienne des droits de l'homme
40-42 rue Larbi ben M'Hidi
Alger, Algérie
Ligue algérienne pour la défense des droits de l'homme
19 rue Abane Ramdane
Alger, Algérie
and to diplomatic representatives of ALGERIA accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 10 March 1993.

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