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Saudi Arabia: Death penalty: Hatem Fawaz al-Zughbi al-Harbi

, Index number: MDE 23/005/1996

The above, a Kuwaiti national, has been sentenced to death on murder charges and is reported to be facing execution in Saudi Arabia within the next three months if his family does not pay 2.1 million dollars blood money to relatives of the murder victim.

EXTERNAL AI Index: MDE 23/05/96
UA 132/96 Death penalty 30 May 1996
SAUDI ARABIAHatem Fawaz al-Zughbi al-Harbi, Kuwaiti national
Hatem Fawaz al-Zughbi al-Harbi, a Kuwaiti national, has been sentenced to death
on murder charges and is reported to be facing execution in Saudi Arabia within
the next three months if his family does not pay 2.1 million dollars blood
money to relatives of the murder victim. The family of the prisoner, who live
in al-Jahra, an area north of Kuwait City inhabited mainly by bedouin tribes,
placed an appeal in the Kuwaiti daily, al-Anba, on 15-16 May 1996 seeking
financial donations to raise the required sum.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Executions have been increasing alarmingly in Saudi Arabia in recent years
and a large number of people are believed to be on death row. Executions are
invariably carried out after trials in which internationally agreed safeguards
for prisoners facing the death penalty are completely ignored. Defendants are
not allowed to be defended by lawyers during trial hearings, and confessions,
even when obtained under torture, are accepted by courts as evidence, and may
be the sole evidence on which conviction is obtained. More information on the
use of the death penalty and executions in Saudi Arabia is provided in Amnesty
International's Urgent Actions issued over the years, particularly those issued
in 1995.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/express/airmail letters in English,
Arabic, or your own language:
- expressing opposition to the death penalty as a violation of the right to
life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman and degrading
punishment;
- expressing concern at reports that Hatem Fawaz al-Zughbi al-Harbi is facing
imminent execution and calling for his death sentence to be unconditionally
commuted;
- expressing sympathy for the victims of violent crime and their families,
but pointing out that the death penalty has never been shown to deter crime
more effectively than other punishments, and is brutalizing to all involved
in its application.
APPEALS TO:
The Custodian of the two Holy Shrines
His majesty
King Fahd bin 'Abdul-'Aziz
Office of H.M. The King
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Telegrams: King Fahd, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Salutation: Your Majesty
His Royal Highness
Prince Naif bin 'Abdul-'Aziz
Minister of Interior
PO Box 2833, Riyadh 11134
Telegrams: Minister of Interior, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Salutation: Your Royal Highness
2
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Saudi Arabia accredited to your
country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 30 July 1996.

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