EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 19/03/94
UA 113/94 Torture/Fear of execution 18 March 1994
LIBYA: Col. Mahammad Abdul 'Ati al-Buma
Col. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfalli- (suffers from leukaemia)
Col. Sa'ad Misbah al-A'Rusi
Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin - (reported to have had his leg amputated as a result
of injuries sustained during torture)
Lt-Col Ahmad al-Du'ayki
Lt-Col Muhammad Bashir
Major Abdul Salam al-Waa'ir
Lt. Abdallah al-Waa'ir
Major Ramadan al-'Ayhuri
Major Muhammad al-Ghul
Major Khalil Salam al-Jidiq
Sa'd Musbah Sa'd al-Amin al-Zubaydi
Dr. Musa al-Keilani
Ali Faraj Zai'd
Amnesty International is gravely concerned that the sixteen people named above
and many others are being tortured in incommunicado detention and may be in
danger of imminent execution.
Three of them have appeared on television confessing to being American "spies".
They said they were recruited as American intelligence agents by members of
the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, the country's main opposition
group operating in exile. It is believed that they were tortured into making
such "confessions". Spying is punishable by death in Libya.
The people named above were detained with many others in the aftermath of a
rebellion by army units around the city of Misrata in October 1993. They have
been held incommunicado in unknown locations. Amnesty International fears
that they are being subjected to torture.
Amnesty International is also deeply concerned that these people are at risk
of execution. It is not known whether or not they have been tried. Amnesty
International opposes the use of the death penalty in all cases as a violation
of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman and
degrading treatment or punishment, as proclaimed in article 5 of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters
either in Arabic, English or in your own language:
- urging that the sixteen people named above should not be executed and
reiterating Amnesty International's unconditional opposition to the death
- urging the authorities to investigate the allegations of torture;
- urging the authorities to treat the detainees humanely and to give them access
to lawyers, family members and medical attention.