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UA 113/94 - Libya: torture / fear of execution: Col. Mahammad Abdul 'Ati al-Buma, Col. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfalli, Col. Sa'ad Misbah al-a'Rusi, Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin, Lt-Col Ahmad al-Du'ayki, Lt-Col Muhammad Bashir, Major Abdul Salam al-Waa'ir, Lt. Abdalla

, Index number: MDE 19/003/1994

There is grave concern that the sixteen people named above and many others are being tortured in incommunicado detention and may be in danger of imminent execution. Three of them have appeared on television confessing to being American "spies". It is believed that they were tortured into making such "confessions". Spying is punishable by death in Libya. The people named above were detained with many others in the aftermath of a rebellion by army units around the city of Misrata in October 1993. Their whereabouts are unknown. Col. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfalli is said to suffer from leukaemia, and Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin is reported to have had his leg amputated as a result of injuries sustained during torture.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 19/03/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 113/94 Torture/Fear of execution 18 March 1994
LIBYA: Col. Mahammad Abdul 'Ati al-Buma
Col. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfalli- (suffers from leukaemia)
Col. Sa'ad Misbah al-A'Rusi
Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin - (reported to have had his leg amputated as a result
of injuries sustained during torture)
Lt-Col Ahmad al-Du'ayki
Lt-Col Muhammad Bashir
Major Abdul Salam al-Waa'ir
Lt. Abdallah al-Waa'ir
Major Ramadan al-'Ayhuri
Major Muhammad al-Ghul
Saad Al-Wirfalli
Major Khalil Salam al-Jidiq
Sa'd Musbah Sa'd al-Amin al-Zubaydi
Dr. Musa al-Keilani
Ali Faraj Zai'd
Fathi Hamid
Amnesty International is gravely concerned that the sixteen people named above
and many others are being tortured in incommunicado detention and may be in
danger of imminent execution.
Three of them have appeared on television confessing to being American "spies".
They said they were recruited as American intelligence agents by members of
the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, the country's main opposition
group operating in exile. It is believed that they were tortured into making
such "confessions". Spying is punishable by death in Libya.
The people named above were detained with many others in the aftermath of a
rebellion by army units around the city of Misrata in October 1993. They have
been held incommunicado in unknown locations. Amnesty International fears
that they are being subjected to torture.
Amnesty International is also deeply concerned that these people are at risk
of execution. It is not known whether or not they have been tried. Amnesty
International opposes the use of the death penalty in all cases as a violation
of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman and
degrading treatment or punishment, as proclaimed in article 5 of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters
either in Arabic, English or in your own language:
- urging that the sixteen people named above should not be executed and
reiterating Amnesty International's unconditional opposition to the death
penalty;
- urging the authorities to investigate the allegations of torture;
- urging the authorities to treat the detainees humanely and to give them access
to lawyers, family members and medical attention.
APPEALS TO:
2
1) His Excellency Mu'ammar al-Gaddafi
Leader of The Revolution
Tripoli
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Telegrams: Colonel al-Gaddafi, Tripoli, Libya
Telexes: 70 0901 20162 ALKHASU LY
Salutation: Your Excellency
2) His Excellency Mr Muhammad 'Ali al-Jadi
President of the Supreme Court and
Chairman of the Libyan Human Rights Committee
Tripoli
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab
Jamhiriya
Telegrams: Muhammad 'Ali al-Jadi, President of the Supreme Court, Tripoli,
Libya.
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: diplomatic representatives of Libya accredited to
your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or with your section office, if sending appeals after 28 April 1994.

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