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Further information on UA 385/92 (MDE 18/02/92, 7 December) - Lebanon: legal concern / fear of torture: further arrests of suspected supporters of General Michel 'Aoun, including Antoine Samieh and new names: Jose 'Afif, Emile al-Hachem, Nu'man Antoine, F

, Index number: MDE 18/003/1992

Up to 200 people, mostly believed to be supporters of General Michel 'Aoun, were reportedly arrested after Lebanon's Independence Day celebrations on 22 November 1992. The arrests are believed to have been in connection with the printing and distribution of leaflets calling for Lebanon to become "truly independent". At least 19 are reported still to be held without legal warrants. Ten of them reportedly began a hunger strike on 30 November; Jose 'Afif, a bank manager, has been hospitalized after reportedly having a heart attack on 5 December. Two others, Antoine Samieh and Emile al-Hachem, were hospitalized with injuries sustained through torture. The cases of 11 of the detainees have reportedly been referred to a military investigating judge.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 18/03/92
Distr: UA/SC
11 December 1992
Further information on UA 385/92 (MDE 18/02/92, 7 December 1992) - Legal
Concern/Fear of torture
LEBANON:Further arrests of suspected supporters of General Michel 'Aoun,
including Antoine Samieh
and new names: Jose 'Afif
Emile al-Hachem
Nu'man Antoine
Fadi Baroud
Jean Abi Rad
Shukrallah Salameh
Michel Abu Nassar
Antoine Saqr
Jirjis Shamaleh
Mansour Sfeir
Emily Azzi (female)
Dib Flouti
Up to 200 people, mainly believed to be supporters of General Michel 'Aoun,
were reportedly arrested shortly after Lebanon's Independence Day celebrations
on 22 November. The arrests are believed to have been in connection with the
printing and distribution of a leaflet which called for Lebanon to become "truly
independent" and for an end to the occupation of Lebanon by foreign forces.
At least 19 are reported to be still held without legal arrest warrants in
detention facilities in Yarzeh, Kfarshima and Jisr al-Basha. They may be
prisoners of conscience and it is feared that they may be tortured or
ill-treated.
According to a Lebanese lawyer, 10 of the detainees began a hunger-strike on
30 November 1992 as a protest against their detention. On 5 December, Jose
'Afif, a bank manager, reportedly suffered a heart attack. He was taken first
to a military hospital and was then transferred to the Hotel Dieu Hospital.
Emile al-Hachem was also apparently taken to hospital with a broken leg, alleged
to have resulted from torture.
Antoine Samieh, an 11th detainee who is not on hunger-strike, apparently remains
under guard in St. George's hospital, where he was taken allegedly after torture.
He is the owner of a printing press alleged to have printed the leaflet.
Two of his employees are also reportedly detained: Dib Flouti and Emily Azzi.
According to newspaper reports, the cases of 11 of these detainees have all
been referred to a military investigating judge by the military prosecution
on charges of forming a group aimed at harming the prestige of the state and
its civilian and military institution; jeopardising Lebanon's links with
foreign states; and distributing leaflets. However, according to Lebanese
lawyers, civilians should be tried according to the criminal, and not the
military, justice system. In addition, lawyers acting for the detainees still
have not been allowed to visit them. An application for habeas corpus has
been filed, so far without results. Limited family visits have also reportedly
been stopped since publication of the report of the hunger-strike.
Page 2 of FU 385/92
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/airmail letters
either in English, French or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the reports of the arbitrary arrest of up to 200 people
on or around 22 November 1992;
- expressing concern that those who are still detained may be prisoners of
conscience and urging the immediate and unconditional release of all those
who are being held solely for the non-violent expression of their political
beliefs;
- asking for detailed reasons for these arrests and the current legal status
of the detainees;
- expressing concern that supporters of General 'Aoun have reportedly been
tortured and ill-treated in detention and urging that these and all other
detainees be protected from torture and ill-treatment;
- asking for information on the situation of Antoine Samieh, Emile al-Hachem,
both reportedly hospitalized after torture, and Jose Afif, hospitalized after
a heart-attack during interrogation, and urging that all allegations of torture
or ill-treatment be immediately investigated;
- urging that all detainees be given prompt access to lawyers and their families
in accordance with international standards for the treatment of detainees.
APPEALS TO:
1. President Elias Hrawi
Presidential Palace
Ba'abda
Beirut
Lebanon
Telegrams: President Hrawi, Beirut, Lebanon
Telexes: 21000
Salutation: His Excellency
2. Mohsen Daloul
Minister of Defence
Ministry of Defence
Yarzeh, Beirut
Lebanon
Telegrams: Defence Minister Daloul, Beirut, Lebanon
Telexes: 20901
Salutation: His Excellency
3. Bahij Tabbareh
Minister of Justice
rue Sami Solh
Beirut
Lebanon
Telegrams: Justice Minister Tabbareh, Beirut, Lebanon
Salutation: His Excellency
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: diplomatic representatives of Lebanon accredited
to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 24 January 1993.

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