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Israel/Occupied Territories: Torture / health concern

, Index number: MDE 15/076/1998

'Abd al-Rahman Isma'il Ghanimat is still in detention and at risk of further torture. His sister Amira Ghanimat was released on 20 August 1998 but his other sister, Rasmiya Isma'il Ghanimat, remains in detention, reportedly in poor physical condition after being on hunger strike.

PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 15/76/98
20 August 1998
Further information on EXTRA 04/98 (MDE 15/03/98, 9 January 1998) and follow-ups
(MDE 15/04/98, 12 January 1998; MDE 15/08/98, 5 February 1998; MDE 15/18/98,
3 March 98; MDE 15/19/98, 5 March 1998 and MDE 15/74/98, 11 August 1998) -
Torture and new concern: Health concern
ISRAEL/OCCUPIED TERRITORIES
’Abd al-Rahman Isma’il Ghanimat, 27
Amira Isma’il Ghanimat (f), 25, sister of above (released)
Rasmiya Isma’il Ghanimat (f), 22, sister of above, (all from
Surif village)
Amira Ghanimat was released on 20 August 1998 after spending just over two
weeks in incommunicado detention in the General Security service (GSS) wing
of the Moscobiyya Detention Centre.
Also on the same day the lawyer of Rasmiya Ghanimat was allowed to visit her
in detention. This follows a period of incommunicado detention of 16 days,
in violation of international human rights standards ratified by Israel. She
reported to her lawyer that her interrogation had been difficult and
humiliating. She also reported that, in protest, she had gone on hunger-strike
but that, after six days, she had been taken to hospital and fed, against her
will, by intravenous drip. Her condition is reportedly very poor.
‘Abd al-Rahman Ghanimat’s interrogation was extended today for a further 15
days during which time it is likely he will be tortured. His lawyer is still
not permitted to visit him. His sister, who saw him the previous week in the
prison hospital, said that his hands were very swollen from being handcuffed.
He is also apparently limping. He is believed to have been on hunger-strike
for at least two weeks, but since no one has been allowed to visit him it is
not known if this is still the case. ‘Abd al-Rahman Ghanimat has been in
detention since 13 November 1997 charged with offences which include aiding
a suicide bombing and murder. Much of this time he has spent in interrogation.
On 13 August 1998 the Israeli High Court of Justice, which was hearing two
petitions on the case submitted by the lawyer, Allegra Pacheco, imposed a total
information blackout, banning the mentioning of names, the existence of the
petitions and any other identifying details of the case. On 18 August the
High Court rejected petitions to visit the detainees and maintained its ban
on mentioning their names or place of residence.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Torture is effectively legalised in Israel and the Occupied Territories where
secret guidelines attached to the 1987 Landau report on the General Security
Service (GSS) allow the use of "moderate physical pressure" in interrogation.
Since October 1994 a special ministerial committee has allowed "increased
physical pressure". The Israeli Supreme Court has consistently accepted
arguments by the GSS that physical pressure on detainees is required due to
the threat to Israel’s security. Israeli methods of torture include, in
combination, systematic hooding with filthy sacks, sleep deprivation for up
to six days while the detainee is held in a painful position, raucous music
blaring out for 24 hours a day, being forced to squat like a frog and extremely
violent shaking.
2
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/
airmail letters in English or Hebrew or in your own language:
- demanding immediate access to lawyers and family for Rasmiya Ghanimat and
‘Abd al-Rahman Ghanimat in accordance with international standards such as
the UN Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form
of Detention or Imprisonment which states that communication of the detained
person with the outside world, and in particular his family or counsel, shall
not be denied for more than a matter of days”;
- demanding that all torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment should cease;
- pointing out that the interrogation methods used on ‘Abd al-Rahman Ghanimat,
admitted by the Israeli authorities, constitute torture and are forbidden under
the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment, which states, in Article 2(2) that:“No exceptional
circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal
political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a
justification of torture”;
- asking the Israeli High Court to fulfil its obligation to protect the basic
human rights of all those under Israeli jurisdiction;
- expressing concern at the poor state of health of both detainees and requesting
they have access to necessary medical care they require.
APPEALS TO:
Mr Binyamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister
Office of the Prime Minister
3 Kaplan Street
Jerusalem 91919, Israel
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Jerusalem, Israel
Telexes: 25279 mpres il
Faxes: + 972-2-566-4838
Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
Mr Tzahi Hanegbi
Minister of Justice
Ministry of Justice
29 Salah al-Din Street
Jerusalem 91029, Israel
Telegrams: Justice Minister, Jerusalem, Israel
Faxes: + 972-2-6285-438
Salutation: Dear Minister
Judge Aharon Barak
President of the Supreme Court of Israel
Supreme Court of Israel
Shaarey Mishapt Street
Qiryat David Ben-Gurion
Jerusalem 91909, Israel
Telegrams: President Supreme Court, Jerusalem, Israel
Faxes: + 972-2-675-9648
Salutation: Dear Judge Barak
Mr Ami Ayalon
Head of the General Security Service
C/o the Office of the Prime Minister
3 Kaplan Street
3
Jerusalem 91919, Israel
Telegrams: Ayalon, Head GSS, Prime Minister’s Office, Jerusalem, Israel
Telexes: 25279 mpres il
Faxes: + 972-2-566-4838
Salutation: Dear Mr Ayalon
COPIES TO:
The Public Committee against Torture in Israel
Faxes: + 972-2-563 0073
and to diplomatic representatives of Israel accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 1 October 1998.

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