• Campaigns

Iran: Further information on Imminent execution

, Index number: MDE 13/006/2001

Six men were executed on 17 January. They were hanged at dawn, according to press reports citing Iranian state radio. A further three were apparently pardoned by the victims' families, while the executions of the remaining two men had been postponed. New reports indicate that Maryam Ayoubi will not receive a fifteen year prison sentence but will simply be stoned to death.

PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 13/006/2001
18 January 2001
Further information on EXTRA 05/01 (MDE 13/004/01, 16 January 2001) - Imminent
execution
IRAN11 men aged 20-30, names not known
Maryam Ayoubi (f), aged 31
Hossein Esna ‘Ashari, 24
Ali Hassanzadeh, 25
Mostafa Nikbakht, 22
Mir Jalil Sayed Nazari, 22
Six of the 11 men mentioned above were executed on 17 January. They were hanged
at dawn, according to press reports citing Iranian state radio.
A further three were apparently pardoned by the victims’ families, while the
executions of the remaining two men had been postponed.
Maryam Ayoubi had reportedly been facing 15 years’ imprisonment followed by
stoning to death (see EXTRA 05/01, MDE 13/004/2001, 16 January 2001). However,
new reports indicate that she will simply be stoned to death.
Stoning to death is prescribed for certain offences under the Iranian Penal
Code. According to the Penal Code, men should be buried in a pit in the ground
up to their waists, and women buried up to their chests. Individuals who manage
to dig themselves out and escape from the pit whilst the stoning is being carried
out have their lives spared. Article 104 of the Penal Code states that “...the
stones should not be too large so that the person dies on being hit by one
or two of them...” so is designed to cause grievous pain leading to eventual
death.
In the unlikely event that she manages to dig herself free before she is killed,
Maryam Ayoubi will then start her 15-year sentence. It is not known when this
sentence will be carried out.
Amnesty International has no new information on Hossein Esna ‘Ashari, Ali
Hassanzadeh, Mostafa Nikbakht or Mir Jalil Sayed Nazari
An article concerning this Urgent Action was published in the [English-language]
Tehran Times newspaper on 18 January. It stated that “The West intentionally
wants to interfere in internal matters of Iran, levelling baseless charges.”
It also said that “Such a move by Amnesty is nothing but open interference
in Iran’s internal affairs.”
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/
airmail letters in English or your own language:
- expressing your regret that six of the eleven men have been executed despite
international appeals;
- urging that the death sentences imposed on the remaining two men be commuted
immediately;
- urging the authorities not to carry out the sentence of stoning to death
against Maryam Ayoubi, as it constitutes cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment
amounting to torture and is therefore a violation of the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a state party;
2
- seeking clarification of the status of Hossein Esna ‘Ashari, Ali Hassanzadeh,
Mostafa Nikbakht and Mir Jalil Sayed Nazari and urging that if their death
sentences have also been upheld, they should also be halted immediately;
- expressing your sympathy for the victims of violent crime and recognising
the rights and responsibilities of governments to bring to justice those
suspected of criminal offences, but stating your unconditional opposition to
the death penalty irrespective of the crime for which it is imposed, as the
ultimate violation of the right to life;
- reminding the Iranian authorities of their commitment to the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, in particular Article 3: ”Everyone has the right
to life, liberty and security of person.”
APPEALS TO:
Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran,
His Excellency Ayatollah Sayed Ali Khamenei
c/o The Presidency, Palestine Avenue, Azerbaijan Intersection,
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Ayatollah Khamenei, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency
Head of the Judiciary
His Excellency Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahrudi
Ministry of Justice
Park-e Shahr
Tehran
Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams:Head of Judiciary, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Faxes:+ 98 21 537 8827 (number may be unreliable. A recorded message, in English,
will indicate when to send fax - please send before it gives you
the tone to leave a voice message)
Salutation: Your Excellency
President
His Excellency Hojjatoleslam Sayed Mohammad Khatami
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue, Azerbaijan Intersection,
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams:President Khatami, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Faxes:+ 98 21 649 5880
E-mails:khatami@president.ir
Salutation:Your Excellency
Nasser Qavami, Head Judicial & Legal Affairs Committee
Majles-e Shura-ye Eslami
Imam Khomeini Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Majles, Tehran
Telex: 21 42 32 ICAI IR
Fax: +98.21.646 1746 (occasionally difficult to reach, please be patient)
Saluation:Dear Sir
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Iran accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 1 March 2001.

Choose a language to view report