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Iran: Further information: Man executed; seven still at risk of execution

, Index number: MDE 13/002/2011

Ali Saremi (or Sarami) was executed without warning on 28 December 2010 in Evin Prison, Tehran. He had been sentenced to death in December 2009 for “enmity against God” for his alleged membership of a banned opposition group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). Seven other people with alleged links to the same organization are also under sentence of death. All their trials are believed to have been unfair.

Further information on UA: 102/10 Index: MDE 13/002/2011 Iran Date: 05 January 2011
URGENT ACTION
MAN EXECUTED; SEVEN STILL AT RISK OF EXECUTION
Ali Saremi (or Sarami) was executed without warning on 28 December 2010 in Evin Prison,
Tehran. He had been sentenced to death in December 2009 for “enmity against God” for his
alleged membership of a banned opposition group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran
(PMOI). Seven other people with alleged links to the same organization are also under sentence
of death. All their trials are believed to have been unfair.
Ali Saremi’s cellmates contacted his family on 27 December, expressing concern that his execution was imminent.
His family went to the prison and waited outside until dawn, when they realised he had been executed. His lawyer
had not been informed of the execution, as required by Iranian law. Several members of Ali Saremi’s family,
including his wife, were arrested, but most were released shortly afterwards although his nephew, Mohammad
Saremi, is believed to still be held.
Six other men and one woman have been sentenced to death in Iran for alleged links to the PMOI since the disputed
2009 presidential election. Ja’far Kazemi, Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei , Abdolreza Ghanbari (or Qanbari), father and
son Ahmad and Mohsen Daneshpour Moghaddam, and Javad Lari, along with Farah (also known as Elmira) Vazehan,
were also found guilty of "enmity against God". In some cases, their alleged links with the PMOI may amount to no
more than having contact with family members who are members of the PMOI.
PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY in Persian, English, or your own language (Please refer to Ja’far Kazemi as "Ja’far
Kazemi, son of Bahman" in your appeals, as this will help the authorities to identify him):
Expressing deep regret at the execution of Ali Saremi, and urging the Iranian authorities not to execute Ja’far
Kazemi, Javad Lari, Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, Abdolreza Ghanbari, Ahmad Daneshpour Moghaddam, Mohsen
Daneshpour Moghaddam and Farah Vazehan;
Reminding the Iranian authorities that in international law, the death penalty can only be carried out for “the
most serious crimes”, which must be “intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences."
Urging that any person held solely on account of their family links to the PMOI and who has not committed a
recognizably criminal offence should be released immediately and unconditionally. Any others sentenced after unfair
trials should have their convictions and sentences reviewed as a matter of urgency.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 16 FEBRUARY 2011 TO:
Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei
The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street End of
Shahid Keshvar Doust Street,
Tehran,
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: Via website:
http://www.leader.ir/langs/en/index.php?
p=letter (English);
http://www.leader.ir/langs/fa/index.php?
p=letter (Persian)
Salutation: Your Excellency
Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadegh Larijani
Office of the Head of the Judiciary
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of
Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran,
1316814737,Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info@dadiran.ir or
bia.judi@yahoo.com
Salutation: Your Excellency
And copies to:
Secretary General, High Council for
Human Rights
Mohammad Javad Larijani
High Council for Human Rights
[Care of] Office of the Head of the
Judiciary
Pasteur St, Vali Asr Ave., south of
Serah-e Jomhuri
Tehran 1316814737
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info@humanrights-iran.ir (In
subject line: FAO Mohammad Javad
Larijani)
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives of Iran accredited to your country. Check with your section office if sending appeals after the
above date. This is the third update of UA 102/10. Further information: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/MDE13/081/2010/en
Date: 05 January 2011
URGENT ACTION
MAN EXECUTED; SEVEN STILL AT RISK OF EXECUTION
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Ali Saremi, aged about 63, has a son in the PMOI who lives in Camp Ashraf, Iraq, whom he visited. He was arrested on his return
and sentenced to a year in prison, and was released in May 2007. Ali Saremi had previously spent 20 years in prison for his
political activities both before and after the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran (see Iran: Halt executions of Kurdish and other
political prisoners, MDE 13/007/2010, 12 January 2010 http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/MDE13/007/2010/en). He was
arrested in September 2007 after speaking at an event commemorating the summary executions of thousands of people in
Iranian prisons in 1988 (see UA 286/07: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/MDE13/128/2007/en). In May 2010 he told
Amnesty International from prison:
“I was tried in October 2008 before Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court, on the charge of “enmity against God” for
membership of PMOI. I again denied this and defended myself as they had no evidence against me to prove the charge. I
was sentenced to death in December 2009 and appealed through my lawyer. I only learnt about the confirmation of my
sentence via the Tehran Prosecutor’s press conference [on 15 May]. Even though I have a lawyer, they do not recognise
him. They do not communicate legal proceedings to him and do not notify him.”
His lawyer has said publicly that he was never served with the execution verdict and had never received any information
concerning his client’s case after the initial trial, including about appeals. He was not informed of the execution 48 hours in
advance, as is required by Iranian law.
Ja’far Kazemi, aged about 46 and previously imprisoned for membership of the PMOI in the 1980s or 1990s, was arrested on 18
September 2009 and interrogated and possibly tortured for months in Evin prison in Tehran, possibly to pressure him to make a
televised “confession”, which he refused to do. He was accused of participating in protests which followed the disputed outcome
of Iran’s presidential election in June 2009, but was not accused of committing any violent acts; and for his alleged contact with
banned opposition group. He was sentenced to death for "enmity against God", and is also believed to have been convicted of
“propaganda against the system”. On 26 April 2010, he learned that his death sentence had been confirmed by an appeal court.
A further appeal was apparently rejected in late July. One of his sons is a PMOI member and lives in Camp Ashraf,
Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, in his 60s, who was arrested and tried alongside Ja’far Kazemi, and who had also visited relatives in
Camp Ashraf, was sentenced to death in or around April 2010. His death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court in
September 2010.
Teacher Abdolreza Ghanbari, aged 42, and father and son Ahmad and Mohsen Daneshpour Moghaddam, were all arrested after
the demonstrations which took place in late December 2009 marking the Ashoura religious commemorations. All three were
sentenced after “show trials” in January and February 2010.
Tehran’s prosecutor announced on 15 May that the death sentences of Ja’far Kazemi, Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, Mohammad Ali
Saremi (or Sarami), Abdolreza Ghanbari and father and son, Ahmad and Mohsen Daneshpour Moghaddam, were upheld by the
Appeal Court after they were found guilty of "enmity against God" in relation to their alleged links to the PMOI.
In August 2010, Amnesty International received reports that another man, Javad Lari, a Tehran bazaar merchant in his 50s, had
been sentenced to "death without pardon" for "enmity against God and corruption on earth". He is also held in Evin prison, where
he was reportedly tortured and forced to confess.
Farah (also known as Elmira) Vazehan, who was arrested two days after the December 2009 Ashoura protests, was sentenced to
death for “enmity against God” in August 2010, after conviction of participation in the protests, including taking photographs
and sending them abroad and support for the PMOI.
Further information on UA: 102/10 Index: MDE 13/002/2011 Issue Date: 05 January 2011

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