EXTERNAL AI Index: MDE 12/26/96
4 November 1996
Further information on UA 232/96 (MDE 12/25/96, 3 October 1996) - Death
Death sentence: Anwar Hamed 'Abbas
Ahmad 'Abd al-Wahab Ahmad Khalil
Life imprisonment Mohammad Kamal al-Din Fahmy, 24 years old
with hard labour: Mohammad Bashir Mohammad Hassan (in absentia)
Sa'id Mahmoud Hamid al-'Almy, 22 years old
15 years' imprisonment Hussam Mohammad Gad
with hard labour: Ahmad Mahdy al-Tayry
Ashraf Amin Bardawily
Ten years' imprisonment: Hosni Shawqy Hussein (juvenile)
Seven years' imprisonment: 'Adel Mahmoud Ramadhan (juvenile)
Five years' imprisonment: Ahmad 'Abbas 'Abd al-Galil (in absentia)
On 31 October 1996 the (Emergency) Supreme State Security court in Cairo passed
sentences of between five years' and life imprisonment with hard labour on
seven of the remaining 16 defendants in a case involving 18 alleged members
of the banned armed Islamist group al-Gama'a al-Islamiya (Islamic Group).
The remaining seven defendants were freed. Two of those sentenced to prison
terms, Hosni Shawqy Hussein and 'Adel Mahmoud Ramadhan, are juveniles. They
have the right to appeal against their sentences.
The first two defendants named above, Anwar Hamed 'Abbas and Ahmad 'Abd al-Wahhab
Ahmad Khalil, were sentenced to death in absentia by the court on 30 September
1996. They are reportedly still on the run.
Charges against all of those sentenced included involvement in a series of
attacks in Upper Egypt in 1993 which resulted in the deaths of a number of
members of the security forces and civilians, membership of an illegal
organization which aims to overthrow the present regime and threatening the
internal security of the state.
There is no right to appeal, except in the cases of juveniles, against sentences
issued by the (Emergency) Supreme State Security Court. This violates
international standards for fair trial, as guaranteed by Article 14 of the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Egypt
is a state party, which guarantees that everyone who is convicted shall have
the right to have their conviction and sentence reviewed by a higher tribunal.
The United Nations Economic and Social Council has reiterated the fact that
these rights must be respected in all cases involving the death penalty. In
addition, Article 6 of the UN Safeguards guaranteeing the protection of the
rights of those facing the death penalty states that: "Anyone sentenced to
death shall have the right to appeal to a court of higher jurisdiction, and
steps should be taken to ensure that such appeals should become mandatory."
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express/airmail
letters in Arabic, English, French or in your own language:
- reiterating concern that Anwar Hamed 'Abbas and Ahmad 'Abd al-Wahhab Ahmad
Khalil have been sentenced to death and urging president Mubarak to use his