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Bahrain: Arbitrary arrests / fear of torture / unlawful killings: Shaikh 'Abd al-'Amir Mansur al-Jamri and 18 members of his family: Shaikh Khalil Sultan, Shaikh Hassan Sultan, Zahra Salman Hilal (f), 31, Ayat 'Abd al-Jabbar Salman (f), 12, Fatima 'Ashur

, Index number: MDE 11/002/1995

AI fears for the safety of many people who have been arrested in the recent unrest in Bahrain. AI also fears for the safety of demonstrators, following reports of more killings by security forces using live ammunition against unarmed civilians. Shaikh 'Abd al-Amir Mansur al-Jamri, a prominent Shi'a Muslim religious scholar and his family were placed under house arrest on 1 April 1995 and have since been denied access to the outside world. Protests against these measures resulted in the security forces shooting at unarmed civilians. Others reportedly detained include a 12 year old girl. Two men (named above) were killed and others seriously injured. One student is reported to have been killed when live ammunition was used to quell disturbances at the University of Bahrain.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 12/02/95
Distr: UA/SC
UA 85/95 Arbitrary arrests / Fear of torture / Unlawful killings6 April 1995
BAHRAINShaikh 'Abd al-'Amir Mansur al-Jamri and 18 members of his family
Shaikh Khalil Sultan
Shaikh Hassan Sultan
Zahra Salman Hilal (f), aged 31
Ayat 'Abd al-Jabbar Salman (f), aged 12
Fatima 'Ashur Singais (f), aged 60, and her daughter, Malaka, aged 27
and many others
Muhammad Ja'far Yusuf 'Atiyya, early 30s
Muhammad 'Ali 'Abd al-Razzaq, aged 48
As the human rights situation in Bahrain continues to deteriorate, Amnesty
International fears for the safety of the many people who have been arrested,
and also for the safety of demonstrators following reports of more killings
by security forces using live ammunition against unarmed civilians.
On 1 April 1995, security forces surrounded the home of Shaikh 'Abd al-Amir
Mansur al-Jamri, a prominent Shi'a Muslim religious scholar and member of the
former National Assembly, in the village of Bani Jamra. The residential area
in the vicinity of his home was cordoned off and the nearby houses forcibly
vacated. Shaikh 'Abd al-Amir al-Jamri and 18 other members of his family were
reportedly placed under house arrest, among them his wife Zahra Yusuf, three
sons and three daughters and several young children. All have since been denied
access to the outside world, and their telephone and fax lines have been
Protests against these measures in Bani Jamra resulted in the security forces
shooting at unarmed civilians using live ammunition, including from rooftops.
Two men, Muhammad Ja'far Yusuf 'Atiyya and Muhammad 'Ali 'Abd al-Razzaq, were
killed and others seriously wounded. The authorities reportedly prevented
their families from holding public mourning.
In a separate incident, live ammunition is said to have been used to quell
protests on the campus of the University of Bahrain, where one student is
reported to have been killed. Incidents were also reported in a number of
other districts, including in the capital, al-Manama, and al-Sanabes, Jidd
Hafs, and Bilad al-Qadim.
Widespread arrests have been carried out during the past week, and reports
indicate that a disused sports stadium in Madinat 'Issa has been converted
into a makeshift detention centre as the official prisons are said to be severely
overcrowded. Among those arrested are two prominent figures, Shaikh Khalil
Sultan and Shaikh Hassan Sultan, whose exact whereabouts remain unknown. There
are fears that they may be tortured during interrogation. One woman, Zahra
Salman Hilal, and a 12-year-old girl, Ayat 'Abd al-Jabbar Salman, were also
arrested and are believed to held at the Juveniles Prison in Madinat 'Issa.
On 6 April, Fatima 'Ashur Singais and her daughter Malaka were arrested in
a dawn raid on their homes in al-Sanabes. Their current whereabouts are
On 30 March 1995 Amnesty International publicly called on the Government of
Bahrain to put an end to killings, torture and detention without trial. Since
December 1994, at least seven civilians have been killed in several incidents
after the security forces used live ammunition to quell demonstrations. Scores
of others have been injured and measures taken by the authorities have prevented
the wounded from receiving hospital treatment. Widespread protests have
continued as demonstrators called for the National Assembly (dissolved by the
Amir in 1975) to be allowed to reconvene and for the provisions of the country's
1973 Constitution to be respected. Amnesty International has received the names
of over 700 people arrested in the past four months, the vast majority of whom
are being held incommunicado without charge or trial and denied access to
relatives, lawyers and doctors. On 22 March, 11 detainees were brought before
the State Security Court, charges with carrying out acts of sabotage and
membership of a prohibited organization. All had been denied prior access
to defence lawyers. Amnesty International has renewed its request for its
delegates be given immediate access to Bahrain but to date no official response
has been received from the government.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/airmail letters in
Arabic, English or your own language:
- calling for a prompt and impartial investigation into the killing of Muhammad
Ja'far Yusuf 'Atiyya and Muhammad 'Ali 'Abd al-Razzaq and into other killings
since December 1994;
- urging the authorities to take immediate measures to ensure that the Bahraini
security forces adhere to the United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of
Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, which prohibit the intentional
lethal use of firearms, except "when strictly unavoidable in order to protect
- seeking assurances that all detainees arrested since December 1994 (naming
some listed above) are being treated humanely in accordance with international
standards, and urging that they be granted immediate access to their relatives,
lawyers and independent doctors;
- seeking information about the reasons for placing Shaikh 'Abd al-Amir Mansur
al-Jamri and his family under house arrest and details of any charges to be
brought against them, and calling for the order to be immediately lifted if
they are not to be charged with a recognizably criminal offence.
His Highness
Shaikh 'Issa Bin Salman Al Khalifa
Office of His Highness the Amir
P.O.Box 555
The Amiri Court
Rifa'a Palace, Bahrain
Telexes: 8666 Qasar BN; 8500 Qasar BN
Telegrams: His Highness the Amir, al-Manama, Bahrain
Faxes: +973 668884
Salutation: Your Highness
His Excellency
Shaikh Muhammad Bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
Minister of Interior
P.O.Box 13, al-Manama, Bahrain
Telexes: 9572 PSMKT BN or 8333 ALAMAN BN
Telegrams: Minister of Interior, al-Manama, Bahrain
Faxes: +973 276765 or 290526
Salutation: Your Excellency
His Excellency
Shaikh Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa
Prime Minister
P.O.Box 1000, al-Manama, Bahrain
Telexes: 9336 PROM BN or 7889 PMPO BN
Faxes: +973 533033
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES TO: Diplomatic representatives of Bahrain accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 27 May 1995.

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