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UA 233/93 - Uzbekistan: prisoners of conscience: Babur Shakirov, Khazratkul Khudayberdi, Salavat Umurzakov, Olim Karimov, Otanazar Aripov, Abdulaziz Makhmudov

, Index number: EUR 62/017/1993

The above named six men, who went on trial in the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan on 1 July 1993 face a minimum sentence of 10 years' imprisonment and possibly the death penalty. They would be prisoners of conscience if convicted. They are charged under Article 62 of the criminal code, relating to their membership of a non-violent social organization-in-formation called Milli Mejlis (National Council). Babur Shakirov, Khazratkul Khudayberdi and Salavat Umurzakov are currently in detention and are already considered to be prisoners of conscience.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 62/17/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 233/93 Prisoners of conscience 16 July 1993
UZBEKISTAN: Babur Shakirov
Khazratkul Khudayberdi
Salavat Umurzakov
Olim Karimov
Otanazar Aripov
Abdulaziz Makhmudov
(in cyrillic _____ _______
_________ __________
_______ _________
____ _______
________ ______
_________ ________)
Amnesty International is concerned that the above six men, who went on trial
in the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan on 1 July 1993, would be prisoners of
conscience if convicted. They face a minimum sentence of 10 years' imprisonment,
and possibly the death penalty. With the trial now underway and the prospect
of sentencing being imminent, it is vital that the maximum possible pressure
is exerted on behalf of all six defendants. Amnesty International is therefore
appealing to the authorities for the immediate and unconditional release of
those currently in detention, Babur Shakirov, Khazratkul Khudayberdi and
Salavat Umurzakov, and pointing out that all six men will be considered prisoners
of conscience if convicted.
They are charged under Article 62 of the criminal code with "organization
activity directed towards commission of especially dangerous state crimes,
and participation in an anti-government organization". The charge relates
to their membership of a non-violent social organization-in-formation called
Milli Mejlis (National Council), the draft statute of which envisaged it as
a parliamentary-style forum uniting opposition parties and movements. If
convicted under Article 62, these men face a minimum sentence of 10 years'
imprisonment, and possibly the death penalty. Babur Shakirov, Khazratkul
Khudayberdi and Salavat Umurzakov are currently in detention and are already
considered by Amnesty International to be prisoners of conscience.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Since mid-1992 a clampdown against government opponents has been intensifying.
In addition to the subjects of this Urgent Action, other opposition activists
have been prosecuted for slandering the President, or convicted on possibly
falsified criminal charges. Government opponents have been beaten by unknown
assailants on the streets, and the authorities appear to have taken few steps
to investigate. The home of a human rights activist has been bombed, that
of a well-known journalist burned down in suspicious circumstances.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters in Russian, English or in your own language:
- calling for the immediate and unconditional release of Babur Shakirov,
Khazratkul Khudayberdi and Salavat Umurzakov, on the grounds that they are
prisoners of conscience;
Page 2 of UA 233/93
- pointing out that if convicted, all six defendants in the Milli Mejlis case
will be considered prisoners of conscience;
- calling on the Government of Uzbekistan to stop harassment of opposition
activists for exercising non-violently their fundamental human rights to
freedom of expression, opinion and association.
APPEALS TO
The President of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov:
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
pl. Mustakillik
Apparat Prezidenta
Prezidentu Karimovu
Telegrams: Uzbekistan, Tashkent, apparat Prezidenta, Prezidentu Karimovu
I.A.
Faxes: + 7 3712 39 55 25, + 7 3712 39 54 00
+ 7 3712 55 10
Telexes: 116116 BAHOR SU
Salutation: Dear President
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1. Chairman of the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan, Ubaydulla Mingbayev:
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
ul. Kodiri, 1
Verkhovny sud Respubliki Uzbekistan
Predsedatelyu Mingbayevu U.
2. Procurator General of Uzbekistan, Buritosh Mustafoyev:
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
ul. Gogolya, 66
Prokuratura Respubliki Uzbekistan
Generalnomu prokuroru Mustafoyevu B.
3. Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan, Sadyk Safayev:
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
Ministerstvo inostrannykh del
Ministru Safayevu S.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 27 August 1993.

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