EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 62/16/95
EXTRA 57/95 Fear of imminent execution 17 May 1995
UZBEKISTAN Rinat NAZIPOV, aged 27
(_____ _______ in Russian)
Rinat Nazipov faces imminent execution after having been sentenced to death in
the former Soviet republic of Uzbekistan. An appeal against his sentence has been
turned down by the Supreme Court, and his only hope of avoiding execution now
is a petition for clemency to the President of Uzbekistan.
Rinat Nazipov was sentenced to death by Tashkent City Court on 23 June 1994 for
premeditated, aggravated murder (Article 80 of the Uzbek Criminal Code). The
Presidium of the Supreme Court turned down his appeal against the death sentence
on 5 September 1994. A petition for clemency has been lodged with the President
Rinat Nazipov is married and has a three-year old daughter. Relatives report
that Rinat Nazipov and his wife, both unemployed and destitute, were struggling
to make ends meet and that Rinat was driven to armed robbery to feed his family.
During a struggle which ensued during his first attempted robbery Rinat Nazipov
wounded the manager of a shop, who later died in hospital.
The Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan retains the death penalty for
19 peacetime offences. However, senior officials told an Amnesty International
delegation which visited Uzbekistan in April 1992 that regulations introduced
in December 1991 reduced the number of offences which in practice still carry
the death penalty to four: treason; murder under aggravating circumstances; murder
of a minor; and aggravated rape. Execution is by shooting. The Minister of
Justice told Amnesty International that the use of the death penalty in Uzbekistan
was declining, but he was unable to provide the delegation with statistics.
Amnesty International has consistently pressed the Uzbek authorities to reduce
the scope of the death penalty as a step towards total abolition; to impose a
moratorium on death sentences and executions pending a review of this punishment;
and to publish comprehensive statistics on the application of the death penalty.
Besides Rinat Nazipov featured in this Urgent Action, from unofficial sources
Amnesty International currently knows of five other pending death sentences in
Uzbekistan. At least five executions were carried out in 1994.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in Russian, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern that Rinat Nazipov has been sentenced to death in Uzbekistan;
- urging President Islam Karimov to grant clemency to Rinat Nazipov, and to commute
his death sentence;
- urging the authorities to make the outcome of appeals and petitions of clemency
known to the relatives of prisoners on death row and to Amnesty International;