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Belarus: Further information: Opposition activist tortured in detention

, Index number: EUR 49/015/2010

Andrei Sannikau, an opposition activist in Belarus and presidential candidate in the 19 December presidential election, has been tortured while in detention. Andrei Sannikau’s lawyer reported that his legs appear to be broken and the way he speaks and holds himself indicates that he may have brain damage. He needs urgent medical attention.

Further information on UA: 264/10 Index: EUR 49/015/2010 Belarus Date: 23 December 2010
URGENT ACTION
OPPOSITION ACTIVIST TORTURED IN DETENTION
Andrei Sannikau, an opposition activist in Belarus and presidential candidate in the 19
December presidential election, has been tortured while in detention. Andrei Sannikau’s lawyer
reported that his legs appear to be broken and the way he speaks and holds himself indicates
that he may have brain damage. He needs urgent medical attention.
Andrei Sannikau was injured when police broke up a protest against reported election rigging during the presidential
election on 19 December. According to eyewitnesses, he was assaulted by police who pinned him down with a riot
shield and repeatedly jumped onto it, severely injuring his legs. Friends attempted to drive him to hospital, but the
car was stopped by police and Andrei Sannikau was dragged out of the car and arrested. Witnesses claim that at this
time he had no visible head injuries. His wife, Iryna Khalip, who was travelling in the car with him, was punched in
the face and arrested.
Andrei Sannikau’s lawyer was allowed to visit him in detention on the evening of 20 December. According to the
lawyer, Andrei Sannikau had new cuts and bruises on his arms, face and head, he was unable to stand and could
barely move. The new injuries strongly suggest that Andrei Sannikau had been beaten again while in custody. The
lawyer described his condition as “horrendous” and said that the way Andrei Sannikau spoke and held himself
suggested he had suffered brain damage.
Amnesty International is gravely concerned that Andrei Sannikau may suffer irreversible brain damage and other
injuries if he is not immediately transferred to a hospital where he can be given proper medical treatment. Amnesty
International is also concerned that Andrei Sannikau remains at risk of torture as long as he is held in police custody.
PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY in Russian or your own language:
Calling for the immediate transfer of Andrei Sannikau to a hospital where he can receive all the medical
treatment required;
Calling on the Belarusian authorities to take immediate action to ensure that Andrei Sannikau and the other
presidential candidates are protected from torture or other ill-treatment at the hands of the police;
Noting that Amnesty International considers him to have been detained solely for exercising his right to peaceful
protest;
Calling for his immediate and unconditional release.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 2 FEBRUARY 2011 TO:
President
Alyaksandr Lukashenka
Administratsia Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus
ul.Karla Marksa, 38
220016 Minsk, BELARUS
Fax: +375 17 226 06 10/ +375 17 222 38 72
Email: contact@president.gov.by
Salutation: Dear President Lukashenka
Send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above
date. This is the first update of UA 264/10. Further information: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR49/010/2010/en
Date: 23 December 2010
URGENT ACTION
OPPOSITION ACTIVIST TORTURED IN DETENTION
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Andrei Sannikau is a prominent Belarusian activist who formerly worked as Editor of Charter 97, an independent news website,
and ran as an opposition candidate in the 19 December Presidential election in Belarus. President Alyaksandr Lukashenka won
the election with just under 80% of the vote.
Prior to the election, opposition groups called on their supporters to gather in central Minsk after voting finished on 19
December. Up to 30,000 demonstrators gathered and marched to the parliament building unhindered by law enforcement
officers, who stopped traffic to allow the demonstrators to pass. At around 9pm, they gathered outside the parliament building
and opposition leaders gave speeches. At around 10pm, a group of about 20 masked young men who stood by the doors of
parliament armed with batons called on the crowd to storm the building and started to break windows. Eyewitnesses report that
Mykalau Statkevich, who was speaking at the time, called on the crowd to be peaceful. Shortly after this, riot police moved in and
cleared the demonstrators from the Square.
Many opposition activists were detained at the demonstration and during the following night. Andrei Sannikau was injured during
the break up of the demonstration and was detained by police officers on his way to hospital. His wife, Iryna Khalip, who was
with him, reported the event live on air to a Russian radio station. Another, Uladzimir Nyaklyayeu was beaten by law enforcement
officers as he made his way to the demonstration and was dragged from the intensive care department of a hospital by police
officers. Among those detained is Natalya Radzina, the editor of Charter97 news website. There are eighteen in total.
Amnesty International believes that the group have been targeted for legitimately exercising their right to freedom of expression
and will consider them to be prisoners of conscience if they are sentenced for organizing or participating in the events of 19
December.
FU UA: 246/10 Index: EUR 49/015/2010 Issue Date: 23 December 2010

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