• Campaigns

Further information on EXTRA 45/93 (EUR 46/11/93, 13 May; and follow-up EUR 46/14/93, 24 May) - Russia: legal concern: Aleksandr Sergeyevich Chizhikov

, Index number: EUR 46/015/1993

A pacifist conscientious objector, Aleksandr Chizhikov's appeal against a one-year sentence for refusing his call-up papers was not upheld by Moscow City Court on 26 May 1993. However the court did change his sentence from one year's imprisonment to a conditional sentence of one year. He intends to appeal this ruling to the Supreme Court.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 46/15/93
Distr: UA/SC
27 May 1993
Further information on EXTRA 45/93 (EUR 46/11/93, 13 May 1993) - and follow-up:
EUR 46/14/93, 24 May 1993 - Legal Concern
RUSSIA:Aleksandr Sergeyevich CHIZHIKOV
(in Russian _________ _________ _______)
Aleksandr Chizhikov's appeal against a one-year sentence for refusing his
call-up papers was not upheld by Moscow City Court on 26 May 1993. However,
the court did change his sentence from one year's imprisonment to a conditional
sentence of one year, and Aleksandr Chizhikov is expected to be released on
27 May. He intends to appeal this ruling to the Supreme Court of the Russian
Federation.
A pacifist conscientious objector, Aleksandr Chizhikov was sentenced by a lower
court on 21 April 1993. Although the right to an alternative to military service
is now enshrined in the Russian Constitution, no enabling legislation has yet
been passed and conscription remains obligatory for young men aged between
18 and 27.
As Russian law provides no civilian alternative to military service, Amnesty
International regarded Aleksandr Chizhikov as a prisoner of conscience who
should be released immediately and unconditionally. At least one other young
man is currently imprisoned on the same grounds, and is awaiting the outcome
of his appeal before Moscow City Court.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
airmail letters in English, Russian or your own language:
- welcoming the release of Aleksandr Chizhikov, but regretting that it is not
unconditional;
- urging the immediate and unconditional release of all other young men
currently imprisoned for refusing, on grounds of conscience, to perform
compulsory military service, in violation of both the Russian Constitution
and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
- urging the introduction without delay of a law providing for a civilian
alternative service, in line with Article 45 of the Russian Constitution.
APPEALS TO
1) General Valentin Georgievich Stepankov
Procurator-General of the Russian Federation
Kuznetsky most, 13
103760 g. Moskva K-31, Russia
Telegrams: Rossiya, 103760 Moskva, Generalnomu prokuroru Stepankovu V.G.
Faxes: + 095 292 88 98 (please add the country code for Russia from
your country)
Salutation: Dear Procurator-General
Page 2 of 2FU EXTRA 45/93
2) Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Lebedev
Chairman of the Supreme Court
of the Russian Federation
ul. Ilinka, 7/3
103289 g. Moskva, Russia
Telegrams: Rossiya, 103289 Moskva, Verkh. Sud, Predsedatelyu Lebedevu V.M.
Faxes: + 095 200 12 20 (please add the country code for Russia from
your country)
Salutation: Dear Chairman
3) Ms Zoya Ivanovna Korneva
Chairperson of Moscow City Court
ul. Kalanchevskaya, 43
129010 g. Moskva, Russia
Telegrams: Rossiya, 129010 Moskva, Mosgorsud, Predsedatelyu Kornevoy Z.I.
Salutation: Dear Chairperson
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Valery Dmitriyevich Zorkin (please note correction of name)
Chairman of the Russian Federation
Constitutional Court
ul. Ilinka, 21
103132 g. Moskva
Moscow, Russia
Faxes: + 095 206 92 15
2) Andrey Vladimirovich Kozyrev
Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the Russian Federation
Prospekt Mira, 49a
129110 g. Moskva
Moscow, Russia
Faxes + 095 230 24 08
3) Sergey Adamovich Kovalyov
Chairman of the Parliamentary
Human Rights Committee
Krasnopresnenskaya nab. 2
103274 g. Moskva
Moscow, Russia
and to diplomatic representatives of Russia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 24 June 1993.

View report in English