Ingushetia, like other republics in the Russian Federation’s North Caucasus region, faces genuine threats to its security. Armed groups carry out deadly attacks on officials and civilians. The failure of the law enforcement response to respect the rule of law is adding to the insecurity in the region. Using Ingushetia as a case study, this report explores the system which enables members of the security forces across the North Caucasus to act outside the law. Perpetrators of human rights violations, past and present, must be identified and brought to justice.