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UA 446/94 - Russia (Chechen Republic): Appeal for the respect of humanitarian law

, Index number: EUR 46/003/1994

AI is appealing to both sides in the conflict in the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic to respect human rights and observe basic humanitarian standards.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 46/03/94
Distr: UA/SC
This is a limited UA. Please organise 15 appeals per section.
UA 446/94 Appeal for the respect of humanitarian law 15 December 1994
RUSSIA
Amnesty International is appealing to both sides in the current conflict in
the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic to respect human rights and observe basic
humanitarian standards.
Amnesty International takes no position on territorial disputes. However,
within the terms of its mandate the organization is calling on all parties
to the conflict to protect both civilian and military victims of the fighting
in accordance with international humanitarian and human rights law. Such
protection includes ensuring that civilians are not the subject of deliberate
attacks and are not arbitrarily detained; that detainees of any kind are not
subject to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; and that
non-combatants are protected from all acts of reprisal and violence. Amnesty
International is also calling on all parties to facilitate appropriate access
to detainees by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The territory of the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic became part of the Tsarist
empire in the nineteenth century, after fierce resistance, and was absorbed
into the former Soviet Union following the Bolshevik revolution. The entire
population was deported en masse to Soviet Central Asia by Stalin in 1944,
and allowed to return only in the 1950s.
The Chechen Republic declared independence in 1991, a move not recognized by
Russia or internationally. Tension between the Russian and Chechen sides has
escalated during this year. On 11 December Russian troops entered the
territory, and armed clashes have occurred as they move towards the capital,
Grozny.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English, Russian or in your own language:
- urging all sides to the conflict to respect international humanitarian and
human rights law, including by ensuring that civilians are not deliberately
targeted and that non-combatants are not subject to acts of reprisal and violence
APPEALS TO
President of the Russian Federation, Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
g. Moskva
Kreml
Prezidentu Rossiyskoy Federatsii YELTSINU B.N.
Telegrams: Rossiya, Moskva, Kreml, Prezidentu Yeltsinu
Faxes: +095 206 51 73
Salutation: Dear President
2
Minister of Defence, General Pavel Sergeyevich Grachev
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
103175 Moskva
ul. Myasnitskaya, 37
Ministerstvo oborony
Ministru GRACHEVU P.S.
Telegrams: Rossiya, 103175 Moskva, Ministru oborony Grachevu
Faxes: +095 296 08 64
Salutation: Dear Minister
Minister of Internal Affairs, Viktor Pavlovich Yerin
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
117049 Moskva
ul. Zhitnaya, 16
Ministerstvo vnutrennykh del
Ministru YERINU V.P.
Telegrams: Rossiya, 117049 Moskva, Ministru vnutrennykh del Yerinu
Faxes: +095 230 25 80
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Andrey Vladimirovich Kozyrev
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
129110 Moskva
Prospekt Mira, 49a
Ministerstvo inostrannykh del
Ministru KOZYREVU A.V.
Faxes: +095 230 24 08
Commissioner for Human Rights, Sergey Adamovich Kovalyov
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
103009 Moskva
Okhotny ryad, 1
Upolnomochennomu po pravam cheloveka pri Gosudarstvennoy Dume Rossiyskoy
Federatsii
KOVALYOVU S.A.
Faxes: +095 203 31 93
and to diplomatic representatives of Russia accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 26 January 1995.

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