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Turkey: Fear of "disappearance" / fear of torture

, Index number: EUR 44/148/1996

Muzeyyen Kaya (f), head of HADEP women's branch in Bingol, Sibel Kucukbilezikci (f), Ayhan Aydemir, Murat Ertan: Amnesty International is concerned about the safety of the four people named above who have been held in unacknowledged detention in Bingol since 18 September 1996. Muzeyyen Kaya, a leader of the People's Democracy Party, and her friends were detained after an identity check by plainclothes police at a minibus stop.

EXTERNAL AI Index: EUR 44/148/96
EXTRA 151/96 Fear of "disappearance" / Fear of torture26 September 1996
TURKEYMüzeyyen Kaya (f), head of HADEP women's branch in Bingöl
Sibel Küçükbilezikçi (f)
Ayhan Aydemir
Murat Ertan
Amnesty International is concerned about the safety of the four people named
above who have been held in unacknowledged detention in Bingöl since 18 September
1996.
At about 1pm on 18 September Müzeyyen Kaya, head of the women's branch of the
People's Democracy Party (HADEP) in Bingöl, her friends Sibel Küçükbilezikçi,
Murat Ertan and Ayhan Aydemir were detained after an identity check by
plainclothes police at a minibus stop in the centre of Bingöl. Niyazi Azak,
chairman of HADEP in Bingöl, applied to Bingöl Police Headquarters for
information as to their whereabouts. Reportedly officials there told him, "These
people are not with us". The officials, apparently sarcastically, also said
that the four people detained may have "gone up to the mountains", meaning
they may have joined the fighting units of the PKK.
According to Niyazi Azak, "Many people saw these persons being taken into
detention. Also a person released from detention on 19 September said that
he had seen them in the Anti-Terror Branch. Security nonetheless claims that
these people are not in detention. We want them to be brought before the judge
as soon as possible"
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Fears for people in unacknowledged detention are heightened by the recent
discovery of nine corpses in the Diyarbak_r region. On 14 September, five bodies
were discovered around Baharl_ village near Bismil, province of Diyarbak_r.
They had their hands tied behind their backs and had been killed with a single
bullet to the head. One of them was later identified as Esat Ya_ar who reportedly
had been detained in the Lice district of Diyarbak_r on 6 September 1996. Others
were identified as Faik Orak, Nas_r Alan (19) and Nuri Yi_it. Faik Orak had
been detained in Kürekli village near C_nar on 8 September, and Nas_r Alan
and Nuri Yi_it had been detained at their homes in Diyarbak_r. Faik Orak's
father reported that his son had been detained by Special Team members and
that his detention had been denied.
According to Nas_r Alan's father, armed men in plain clothes carrying two-way
radios had raided their house on 9 September and taken his son away. Nas_r
Alan telephoned his parents about an hour later saying "I am going to testify,
I'll be home in an hour". When he did not come back, his father applied for
information to the police who denied holding Nas_r Alan, and three times to
the prosecutor's office, in vain. When he saw his son's corpse in the morgue,
it was without clothes except for an undershirt, bore burn marks of cigarettes
having been extinguished on the body, and the skin was torn as it had been
dragged on the ground.
Four more bodies reportedly were discovered between 15 and 17 September. They
included the body of a man found between Ka__tl_ and Ba_dere police stations
near Diyarbak_r Kacaköy. Villagers reportedly stated that they had witnessed
the detention of a man and two women and the execution by shooting of the young
man. The discovery also included the corpses of a man and a woman found on
17 September near So_anl_ village in the district of Diyarbak_r. According
2
to one newspaper report they were unrecognizable because their heads had been
burned.
People suspected of offences under the Anti-Terror Law can be held in police
custody without access to family, friends or legal counsel for up to 30 days
in the 10 provinces under State of Emergency such as Bingöl, and for 15 days
in the rest of Turkey. When not being interrogated, detainees are held in
cramped, airless and insanitary conditions. With no access to the outside world
they are at the mercy of their interrogators. Torture is often applied to extract
confessions, to elicit information about illegal organizations, to intimidate
detainees into becoming police informers or as informal punishment for presumed
support of illegal organizations. Torture methods include being stripped naked
and blindfolded, hosing with pressurized ice-cold water, hanging by the arms
or wrists bound behind the victim's back, electric shocks, beating the soles
of the feet, death threats and sexual assault.
Procedures laid down in the Turkish Criminal Procedure Code for the prompt
and proper registration of detainees, and for notification of their families,
are almost universally ignored. Lack of prompt registration and notification
is extremely distressing for the families of detainees, and creates the
conditions in which "disappearances" and torture can occur.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English or your own language:
- expressing concern about the safety of zeyyen Kaya, Sibel Küçükbilezikçi,
Murat Ertan and Ayhan Aydemir, detained on 18 September in the centre of Bingöl
and since held in unacknowledged detention;
- urging that their whereabouts be established without delay, their detention
registered and their relatives and lawyers promptly informed;
- seeking assurances that they will not be subjected to any form of
ill-treatment;
- calling for the detainees to be promptly brought before a judge to be charged
or released;
- asking to be informed of any charges brought against them.
APPEALS TO:
1. Bingöl Chief Prosecutor:
Bingöl Cumhuriyet Ba_savc_s_
C. Ba_savc_l___
Bingöl, Turkey
Telegrams: Bassavcisi, Bingol, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Prosecutor
2. State Minister with responsibility for Human Rights:
Mr Lütfü Esengül
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr; 42099 basb tr
Faxes: +90 312 417 0476
Salutation: Dear Minister
3. Emergency Legislation Governor:
Mr Necati Bilican
3
Ola_anüstü Hal Valisi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: Olaganustu Hal Valisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telexes: 72110 OHVT TR; 72084 DYVA TR "please forward to the Governor"; 72090
JASY TR
Faxes: +90 412 224 3572
Salutation: Dear Governor
COPIES TO:
President of Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Demir Berbero_lu
_nsan Haklar_ Inceleme Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
Fax: +90 312 420 5394
and to diplomatic representatives of TURKEY accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 20 October 1996

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