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EXTRA 88/92 - Turkey: fear of torture: Hatice Toraman, Hasan Polat and fourteen other people (names not known to Amnesty International)

, Index number: EUR 44/110/1992

The above-named were arrested in Istanbul on 28 October 1992. They were among relatives and friends of Huseyin Toraman who had gathered in the Kocamustafapasa quarter of Istanbul on the anniversary of his "disappearance". The gathering was reportedly observed by plainclothes police, who later attacked, beat and detained 16 of those present, including Huseyin Toraman's mother, Hatice. The detainees were transferred to the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul Police Headquarters on 29 October, where AI fears that they may be interrogated under torture.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/110/92
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 88/92 Fear of Torture 29 October 1992
TURKEY: Hatice Toraman (female), aged 47
Hasan Polat, aged 24
and 14 other people (names not know to Amnesty International)
Amnesty International is concerned about the safety of 16 detainees in Istanbul
including those named above.
On 28 October 1992 relatives and friends of Hüseyin Toraman gathered in the
Kocamustafapa_a quarter of Istanbul on the anniversary of his "disappearance".
He was detained a year ago by plainclothes police officers outside the apartment
in which he then lived (see UA 360/91, EUR 44/139/91 of 29 October 1991 and
follow-ups EUR 44/145/91 of 6 November, EUR 44/150/91 of 14 November, EUR
44/152/91 of 21 November and EUR 44/161/91 of 20 December 1991). The gathering,
at which Hüseyin Toraman's mother Hatice made a speech, is said to have been
observed from the start by police who later attacked, beat and detained 16
of those present, including Hatice Toraman and Hasan Polat. The detainees
were reportedly taken to Kocamustafapa_a Police Station. On the morning of
29 October they were then transferred to the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul
Police Headquarters. It is feared that they may be interrogated under torture.
In spite of the family's desperate efforts to establish his fate, nothing has
been heard of Hüseyin Toraman since October 1991 when he "disappeared" in
unacknowledged police detention in Istanbul. An investigation by three members
of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission concluded that he may either have
fled abroad or been killed by political rivals. However, it is feared that
he died in police custody as a result of torture. Several cases of
"disappearance" in police custody have been reported from Istanbul since March
1991.
Hasan Polat was previously detained on the eve of 1 May 1991 (see UA 156/91,
EUR 44/57/91 of 8 May 1991) and according to the Turkish authorities was
subsequently standing trial for membership of an illegal organization.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25
February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However,
all information available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is
still widespread and systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate to
ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during their initial interrogation
when they are usually denied access to relatives or a lawyer. In August 1990,
the government derogated from Articles 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European
Convention on Human Rights, all of which contain important safeguards for human
rights. Under current legislation the maximum period a detainee may be held
before being formally charged or released is 24 hours; in cases involving three
or more suspects or due to the 'nature of the crime' it may be extended to
15 days.
Page 2 of EXTRA 88/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters in
English or your own language:
- urging that Hatice Toraman, Hasan Polat and the 14 people detained with them
are immediately granted access to their relatives and lawyers;
- seeking assurances that they are not ill-treated while in police custody;
- requesting to be informed of any charges against them.
APPEALS TO
1) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
2) Istanbul Chief of Police:
Mr Necdet Menzir
Istanbul Emniyet Müdürü
_stanbul, Turkey
Telegrams: Emniyet Muduru, Istanbul, Turkey
Telexes: 30811 IEHM TR, 30812 EMMH TR, 26177 IEMT TR
Salutation: Dear Sir
COPIES OF APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 11 November 1992.

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