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EXTRA 94/93 - Turkey: fear of torture / health concern: Fatma Savas, Gunay Darici, Cafer Darici, Adile Kuran, Fethi Kuran, Hasan Ceylan, Ahmet Ceylan, M Emin Ceylan, Belgin Kurt, Yakup Aykut

, Index number: EUR 44/102/1993

In a police operation on 25 and 26 October in Mersin, southern Turkey, the above-named officials and members of the pro-Kurdish Democracy Party (DEP) in Mersin were detained. Reportedly, some of them had to be hospitalized due to severe torture. Their presente condition is not known, but it is feared that those who remain in, or who have been returned to, police custody at Mersin Police Headquarters may continue to be subjected to torture.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/102/93
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 94/93 Fear of Torture/Health Concern 5 November 1993
TURKEY Fatma Sava_ (female), 26, chairperson of Democracy Party
(DEP) in Mersin
Günay Dar_c_ (female), 28
Cafer Dar_c_, 40, husband of Günay Dar_c_
Adile Kuran (female)
Fethi Kuran
Hasan Ceylan
Ahmet Ceylan
M. Emin Ceylan
Belgin Kurt
Yakup Aykut
In a police operation on 25 and 26 October in Mersin, southern Turkey, the
above-named officials and members of the pro-Kurdish Democracy Party in Mersin
were detained. Reportedly, some of them had to be hospitalized due to severe
torture. Their present condition is not known, but it is feared that torture
continues to be inflicted on those who remain in, or who have been returned
to, police custody at Mersin Police Headquarters.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The Democracy Party (DEP) is the only legal Kurdish party in Turkey, represented
by 17 deputies in the Grand National Assembly. More than 50 of its leading
officials and members have been assassinated in the past two years, the wave
of killings culminating in the murder of deputy Mehmet Sincar on 4 September
1993. Scores of its members have been detained in recent months on charges
of making separatist propaganda and supporting the guerrillas of the outlawed
Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK). Amnesty International is receiving many reports
of the torture of these people.
Turkey has a Kurdish minority estimated at some 10 million people, living mainly
in southeastern Turkey. Since 1984, when guerrillas of the PKK started armed
attacks against the security forces, more than 7,000 lives have been lost on
both sides and among the civilian population. The security forces and the PKK
are both involved in large-scale military operations covering the entire region.
A state of emergency continues to be in force in 10 provinces in the east and
southeast, though not in Mersin province, and the Emergency Legislation Governor
in Diyarbakir has extraordinary powers over three additional provinces.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the prevention of Torture on 25
February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. Following
a programme of visits to Turkish police stations in 1990, 1991 and 1992, the
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT - established by the
Council of Europe) reported: "In the light of all the information at its
disposal, the ECPT can only conclude that the practice of torture and other
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forms of severe ill-treatment of persons in police custody remains widespread
in Turkey and that such methods are applied to both ordinary criminal suspects
and persons held under anti-terrorism provisions".
Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during
their initial interrogation when they are usually denied access to relatives
or a lawyer. New legislation to shorten the maximum detention period came into
force on 1 December 1992. Now non-political detainees may be held for up to
eight days before being formally charged or released. Detainees held on
suspicion of political offences may be held without charge for up to 15 days.
In the 10 provinces under emergency legislation the maximum detention period
for political detainees may be doubled to 30 days.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern about the safety of Fatma Sava_ and the nine DEP members
detained with her in Mersin on 25 and 26 October and held in incommunicado
detention at Mersin Police Headquarters;
- urging that all 10 detainees are granted access to their families and lawyers,
and that they are promptly brought before a judge;
- expressing particular concern about reports that some of the detainees had
to be transferred to hospital due to torture;
- seeking assurances that they are granted all medical attention they may
require;
- asking to be informed of their state of health and of any charges that might
be brought against them.
APPEALS TO:
1) Chief of Police in Mersin:
Mr Halil _brahim Özkan
Emniyet Müdürlü_ü
Mersin, Turkey
Telegrams: Emniyet Muduru, Mersin, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Sir
2) Minister of the Interior:
Mr Nahit Mente_e
Içi_leri Bakanl___
Bakanl_klar
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Icisleri Bakanligi, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
3) Deputy Prime Minister
Mr Murat Karayalç_n
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Deputy Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr; 42099 basb tr; 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: +90 312 417 0476 DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER
+90 312 230 8896 (attn: Deputy Prime Minister)
Salutation: Dear Deputy Prime Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
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Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Mr Hikmet Çetin
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
D__i_leri Bakanl___
06100 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Foreign Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: 90 312 287 3869
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 4 December 1993.

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