EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/77/93
6 August 1993
Further information on UA 255/93 (EUR 44/76/93, 5 August 1993) - "Disappearance"
TURKEY:Ferhat Tepe, correspondent for the daily newspaper Özgür Gündem in Bitlis
Amnesty International has just learned that the abductors of Ferhat Tepe have made
further contact with his family. The organization remains seriously concerned for
On the morning of 4 August 1993, at 3.10am, _sak Tepe, Ferhat's father, received
a second telephone call from the abductors which he taped. The caller complained
that _sak Tepe had not closed the DEP (Democracy Party) offices as he had been
instructed in his telephone call of 29 July and threatened, "If you do not take one
billion Turkish Lira to an address in Elaz__, we will kill your son. At this address
live Mehmet _enol and Hasan De_er who will be able to pass the money on to the right
people." _sak Tepe went to Bitlis Police Headquarters and handed over a tape of
the telephone conversation. He then set out for Elaz__ together with three of his
relatives. While they were on their way, a telephone call came through to his
sister-in-law in Tatvan. The caller said that Ferhat Tepe would be exchanged for
her son, who is alleged to have joined the guerillas, if he surrendered to the armed
forces. When _sak Tepe arrived in Elaz__, he went to the given address together with
the local police who had already searched the apartment and found that it was empty.
Mehmet _enol and Hasan De_er, both journalists with the same newspaper as Ferhat
Tepe, Özgür Gündem, had lived at the apartment for some time. They were detained
some three weeks ago and gave the address to the police as their place of residence.
However, _sak Tepe spoke with neighbours there who confirmed that the two journalists
had left some weeks ago.
_sak Tepe claims to recognize the voice of the caller as being that of an army officer
whom he had met about two weeks before the abduction of his son at a meeting between
the officer and local politicians to discuss what should be done about the prevailing
situation in southeast Turkey. During that meeting the officer had very strongly
criticized DEP, of which _sak Tepe is the provincial president, for always making
an effort to claim from the security forces the bodies of dead guerrillas to give
them a proper burial. He said "You own up to their bodies, but you don't mourn the
deaths of the soldiers killed in the conflict who come from places like Afyon, Bal_kesir
or Kayseri". The officer specifically asked _sak Tepe what children he had. In the
second telephone call from the abductors, the caller told _sak Tepe "Now you can
feel the pain that the families of the killed soldiers feel".
_sak Tepe told the police after the first telephone call from the abductors that
he thought the voice of the caller sounded like that of an officer he had met. The
police said they could not interfere with the military authorities. _sak Tepe has