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UA 258/92 - Turkey: fear of extrajudicial execution / health concern: Burhan Karadeniz

, Index number: EUR 44/070/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/70/92
Distr: UA/SC
6 August 1992
UA 258/92 Fear of Extrajudicial Execution/Health Concern
TURKEY: Burhan Karadeniz, journalist
On the morning of 5 August 1992, Burhan Karadeniz, a journalist working for
the newspaper Özgür Gündem was attacked from behind by three men while on his
way to work in Diyarbak_r. Reportedly, somebody called out to him as the attacker
took aim which made him turn around and see the assassin before being hit in
the back of his neck by one bullet which exited near his throat. It is alleged
that doctors at Diyarbak_r State Hospital, to which he was taken, have been
threatened not to treat him. When he was put on the 4pm flight to Ankara for
treatment there, police removed him from the plane and had him returned to
the hospital. He is said to be in a serious condition and in danger of being
paralyzed.
Burhan Karadeniz had been detained previously on or around 9 July 1992 while
covering the commemoration of the killing of Vedat Ayd_n in Diyarbak_r a year
ago. He was beaten and insulted before being released four days later without
being charged. He had received anonymous death threats by telephone since
starting work for the newspaper on 30 May 1992.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
This is the fourth attack within two months by unidentified assailants on
journalists investigating human rights violations in the region under State
of Emergency, three of whom have been killed: Hafiz Akdemir of Özgür Gündem
in the street in Diyarbak_r on 8 June 1992; Yahya Orhan of Özgür Gündem in
the street in Gercü_ near Batman on 31 July 1992, and Çetin Abayay of Özgür
Halk, who died of his wounds on 30 July 1992 after having been shot by
unidentified attackers in Batman the previous day. In a further attack on 1
August 1992, Celal Pekgül, brother of journalist Metin Pekgül of Özgür Gündem
was shot in the street in Batman, possibly a case of mistaken identity.
Journalists and local correspondents working for newspapers and magazines like
the Kurdish-owned daily Özgür Gündem, Free Agenda, and its sister publication,
the weekly Yeni Ülke, New Land, Özgür Halk, Free People, Gerçek, Truth and
2000'e Do_ru, Towards 2000, have been the targets of prosecutions, harassment
by the police, detention, ill-treatment and torture, death threats and killings
ever since their papers started publication. Their declared policy is to
investigate and publicize human rights violations committed by the security
forces, in particular in the Kurdish provinces under State of Emergency where
reporting has been severely restricted. Issues of these and similar publications
are frequently confiscated.
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is estimated to number some 10 million
people, living mainly in southeastern Turkey. Since August 1984, when guerrillas
of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) started armed attacks on the security forces,
an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment of detainees by the security
forces have come from the eastern and southeastern provinces. During the past
12 months over 100 cases of alleged extrajudicial executions have been reported
from the region. More than 4,000 lives have so far been lost on both sides
and among the civilian population in the context of the continuing fighting.
Emergency legislation is in force in 10 provinces in the region and the Emergency
Legislation Governor in Diyarbakir has extraordinary powers over three
additional provinces.
Page 2 of UA 258/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- appealing that Burhan Karadeniz is given all medical attention he may require,
be it in Diyarbak_r or in Ankara;
- urging that every step possible is taken to ensure his future safety;
- calling for a prompt, full and impartial investigation into the attack on
Burhan Karadeniz and that those responsible are brought to justice.
APPEALS TO:
1) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telex: 46369 ICSL TR
Fax: +90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
2) Prime Minister:
Mr Süleyman Demirel
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telex: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr
42099 basb tr
42875 bbk tr
Faxes: +90 4 417 04 76 PRIME MINISTER
+90 4 230 88 96 (attn: Prime Minister)
Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
3) Emergency Legislation Governor:
Mr Ünal Erkan
Ola_anüstü Hal Valisi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: Olaganustu Hal Valisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telex: 72110 OHVT TR
72084 DYVA TR "please forward to the Governor"
Fax: +90 831 26174 (telephone first and ask to switch on the fax
machine: "Lütfen fax sinyal veriniz")
Salutation: Dear Governor
COPIES TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country;
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 17 September 1992.

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