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Turkey: fear of torture: 17 members of an extended family: Mohamed Ali Akgul, Ahmet and Nicuda Demir (his uncle and aunt) and their three daughters; brothers and sisters Sahid Aksan, Mehmet Manif, Ayhan Aksan, Cihan Aksan, Tekosin Aksan; Sranaz Aksan and

, Index number: EUR 44/027/1993

The above-named were detained by the gendarmerie on 4 March 1993 and are now being held incommunicado, probably at the Gendarmerie headquarters in Nusaybin. It is not known why they have been detained but the area is known for intense activity by guerrillas of the Kurdish PKK. AI fears that they may be interrogated under torture.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/27/93
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 28/93 Fear of Torture 11 March 1993
TURKEY: 17 members of an extended family:
From Nusaybin:
Mohamed Ali Akgül
his uncle and aunt, Ahmet and Nicuda Demir (female)
and their three daughers
_ahid Aksan }
Mehmet Manif Akan }
Ayhan Aksan (female) } brothers and sisters
Cihan Aksan (female) }
Teko_in Aksan (female) }
Sranaz Aksan and his two sons
Hac_ (family name not known to Amnesty International)
and his daughter
From Do_ançay:
Hasan Demir, another uncle of Mohamed Ali Akgül
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of the above 17 members of an extended
family who were detained by the gendarmerie (soldiers carrying out police functions
in the rural areas) on 4 March 1993 and are now being held incommunicado. It is thought
that all 17, including several women and young girls, are held at the Gendarmerie
Headquarters in Nusaybin (Nusaybin Jandarma Komutanl___).
The 17 people named above were all detained on 4 March 1993, 16 of them in Nusaybin,
a town near the border with Syria, and one in the village of Do_ançay near Midyat,
all in the province of Mardin. The son of Haci is said to have been killed when the
detentions were being made. It is not known why they are being detained, but the
area is known for intense activity by guerrillas of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK).
The security forces are constantly making arrests among the local population of those
they suspect of involvement with, or support of, the PKK. Any person detained on
such suspicion is at great risk of being interrogated under torture.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is estimated to number some 10 million
people, living mainly in southeastern Turkey. Since August 1984, when guerrillas
of the PKK started armed attacks against the security forces, an alarming number
of reports of ill-treatment of detainees by the security forces have come from the
eastern and southeastern provinces. Furthermore, allegations of over 100
extrajudicial executions have been received during the past 12 months. More than
5,000 lives have so far been lost on both sides and among the civilian population
in the context of the continuing fighting. Emergency legislation is in force in 10
provinces in the region and the Emergency Legislation Governor in Diyarbakir has
extraordinary powers over three additional provinces.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25 February
1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However,
Page 2 of EXTRA 28/93
all information available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is still
widespread and systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of
detainees in police custody during their initial interrogation when they are usually
denied access to relatives or a lawyer. New legislation to shorten the maximum
detention period came into force on 1 December 1992. Now the normal maximum period
of 24 hours, for which a non-political detainee may be held before being formally
charged or released, may be extended to eight days in cases of ordinary crimes involving
three or more suspects. Detainees held on suspicion of political offences to be tried
in State Security Courts may be held without charge for 15 days. This period may
be extended to 30 days in provinces under emergency legislation or martial law.
Emergency legislation is currently in force in 10 provinces, including Mardin
province.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of the 17 detainees named above, in particular
the young girls among them, who were all detained on 4 March 1993 in or near Nusaybin
and are thought to be held at Nusaybin Jandarma Komutanl___;
- seeking assurances that they are not subjected to any form of torture or
ill-treatment;
- asking to be informed of any charges brought against them.
APPEALS TO
1) Mardin Gendarmerie Commander:
Albay Enver Uysal (Colonel)
Mardin Jandarma Alay Komutanl___
Mardin, Turkey
Telegrams: Jandarma Alay Komutanl___,
Mardin, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Colonel
2) Gendarmerie General Commander:
Orgeneral Ayd_n _lter
Jandarma Genel Komutan_
Kuvvetlerie Komutanl___
Bakanl_klar
06100 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: General Ilter, Bakanliklar,
Ankara, Turkey
Salutation: Dear General
3) Governor of Mardin province:
Mr Yahya Gür
Mardin Valili_i
Mardin, Turkey
Telegrams: Mardin Valiligi, Mardin,
Turkey
Salutation: Dear Governor
4) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara,
Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Sabri Yavuz
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 1 April 1993.

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