EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/24/94
UA 136/94 "Disappearance" 6 April 1994
TURKEY Necati Ayd_n
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Necati Ayd_n and Mehmet
Ay, who "disappeared" in Diyarbak_r following their detention on 18 March 1994.
On 18 March 1994, Necati Ayd_n and Mehmet Ay were detained at the home of Mehmet
Ay's elder brother in Diyarbak_r, together with eight other relatives. The
relatives were released four days later. On 25 March, the prosecutor at the
State Security Court in Diyarbak_r confirmed that Necati Ayd_n and Mehmet Ay
were still in custody.
On 4 April, lawyers reported that they had seen the two detainees in court.
They informed the elder brother of Mehmet Ay who sent, through his lawyer,
a petition to the chief prosecutor at Diyarbak_r State Security Court asking
whether the detainees had been formally arrested or were still held in police
custody. The chief prosecutor replied that they had been released by decision
of the prosecutor. However, they were neither seen by those waiting for them
outside the court nor have the relatives been able to obtain any information
as to their whereabouts.
Amnesty International has noted a serious increase in "disappearances" in Turkey
in past months, and is concerned for the lives of Necati Ayd_n and Mehmet Ay.
During 1993 and and the first three months of 1994 there has been a striking
increase in reports of "disappearances" particularly in the southeastern
provinces. In Istanbul the sixth "disappearance" in 12 months occurred in
In southeast Turkey, where a State of Emergency is in force, police and
gendarmerie (soldiers carrying out police duties in rural areas) have the right
to hold people incommunicado for a month if they are suspected of having
committed a political offence. The detainee has no right to see a lawyer,
family, friends or a doctor. Procedures laid down in the Turkish Criminal
Procedure Code for the prompt and proper registration of detainees, and for
notification of their families, are almost universally ignored in the
southeastern provinces, and increasingly disregarded in the cities in the rest
of Turkey. Lack of proper registration and notification is not only extremely
distressing for families, but it creates the conditions in which
"disappearances" can occur. Amnesty International fears that the practice
of "disappearance", like that of extrajudicial execution, will become
established as a tool of intimidation and elimination.