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Turkey: fear for safety / fear of torture

, Index number: EUR 44/019/1996

Mehemt Kambur, headman of Guvenkaya village, Huseyin Polat, Mustafa Doganer, Guzel Polat, Ibrahim Erdogan, Hasan Erdogan, Riza Ates, Bayram Gungoz plus an unknow number of villagers from Guvenkaya; Mehmet Ali Dogan, Ali Karakoc, minibus driver, Nuri Yildirim, aged 60, Resit Coskin, aged 60, Davut Keskin, aged 20, Battal Ozkan, Sukru Kaya, Huseyin Akkaya, Mustafa Poyraz: scores of villagers are reported to have been detained during Turkish security force operations against armed opoosition groups which began on 25 January 1996. Those named above are being held in unacknowledged police custody, where AI fears they are at the risk of torture and "disappearance".

EXTERNAL AI Index: EUR 44/19/96
EXTRA 15/96 Fear for safety / Fear of torture 2 February 1996
TURKEYMehmet Kambur, headman of Güvenkaya village
Hüseyin Polat
Mustafa Do_aner
Güzel Polat
Ibrahim Erdo_an
Hasan Erdo_an
R_za Ate_
Bayram Güngöz
plus an unknown number of villagers from Güvenkaya
Mehmet Ali Do_an
Ali Karakoç, minibus driver
Nuri Y_ld_r_m, aged 60
Re_it Ço_kun, aged 60
Davut Keskin, aged 20
Battal Özkan
_ükrü Kaya
Hüseyin Akkaya
Mustafa Poyraz
Scores of villagers from some 12 villages are reported to have been detained
during Turkish security force operations against armed opposition groups
(apparently DHKP-C and PKK), which began on 25 January 1996, in the triangle
between the towns of Zara, Kangal and Divri_i, in Sivas province. Those named
above and an unknown number of others are being held in unacknowledged police
custody, where Amnesty International fears they are at risk of torture and
On 25 January Mehmet Kambur, Hüseyin Polat, Mustafa Do_aner, Güzel Polat,
Ibrahim Erdo_an, R_za Ate_, Aziz Do_aner and Bayram Güngöz were reportedly
detained in Güvenkaya village by gendarmes (soldiers carrying out police duties
in rural areas under the authority of the Interior Ministry).
On 28 January security forces allegedly detained the remaining male villagers
in Güvenkaya village. They stopped the train passing through at around 3pm
and took the men to the Gendarmerie Station in Divri_i. The villagers were
taken to Divri_i State Hospital for examination. Aziz Do_aner, aged 75, was
released because of his poor state of health and reported that the other
villagers were taken to Sivas.
Mehmet Ali Do_an and Ali Karakoç of Dikmeçay village were detained on 25 January.
Nuri Y_ld_r_m, Re_it Ço_kun, Davut Keskin, Ali Erdo_an and another unnamed
person were detained in the villages of K_rlang_ç and Ye_ilyurt in the district
of Kangal on 27 January. Ali Erdo_an and the unnamed person were released.
The whereabouts of the remaining three detainees are unknown.
On 28 January, Battal Özkan, _ükrü Kaya and Hüseyin Akkaya were detained in
Kürkçü village in the district of Kangal. On 28 January Mustafa Poyraz was
detained in Da_önü village in the same district.
There are reports that some of the detainees may have been taken to Kayseri.
According to press reports seven armed members of DHKP-C were killed in an
armed clash with security forces in the province of Sivas on 30 January 1996,
including a leading member of the organization. The illegal armed organization
DHKP-C (Revolutionary People's Liberation Party - Front, formerly called
Devrimci Sol) has accepted responsibility for dozens of political killings,
including those of high ranking military and security personnel.
Also, the PKK (Kurdish Workers' Party) has been fighting Turkish security forces
since 1984 in an intense conflict in which more than 18,000 people have been
killed, including civilians. Any person suspected of supporting the PKK or
any other illegal armed organization is at serious risk of torture,
"disappearance" or extrajudicial execution. At least 35 cases of
"disappearance" in police custody have been reported in 1995.
Procedures laid down in the Turkish Criminal Procedure Code for the prompt
and proper registration of detainees, and for notification of their families,
are almost universally ignored. Lack of prompt registration and notification
is extremely distressing for the families of detainees, and creates the
conditions in which "disappearances" and torture can occur.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English or your own language:
- expressing grave concern for the safety of the above mentioned villagers,
detained in the province of Sivas between 25 and 28 January 1996 and since
held in unacknowledged detention;
- urging that an immediate investigation be carried out to establish their
whereabouts and that their families be informed of the outcome;
- appealing that they are not subjected to torture or any other form of
- requesting to be informed of the results of the investigation.
1. Sivas Chief Prosecutor:
Cumhuriyet Ba_savc_s_
Sivas Savc_l___
Sivas, Turkey
Telegrams: Cumhuriyet Savcisi, Sivas, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Sir
2. Governor of Sivas province:
Mr Ayd_n Güçlü
Sivas Valisi
Sivas Valili_i
Sivas, Turkey
Telegrams: Valili_i, Sivas, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Governor
3. Chief Prosecutor at Kayseri State Security Court:
DGM Ba_savc_s_
DGM Ba_savc_l___
Kayseri, Turkey
Telegrams: DGM Bassavcisi, Kayseri, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Sir
4. Interior Minister:
Mr Teoman Ünüsan
Ministry of Interior
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Icisleri Bakanligi, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Mr Deniz Baykal
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
D__i_leri Bakanl___
06100 Ankara
and to diplomatic representatives of TURKEY accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 5 March 1996.

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