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Further information on EXTRA 51/92 (ASA 39/03/92, 18 May; and follow-ups ASA 39/04/92, 19 May and ASA 39/05/92, 21 May) - Thailand: legal concern: Possible amnesty for those responsible for killing demonstrators

, Index number: ASA 39/006/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 39/06/92
Distr: UA/SC
27 May 1992
Further information on EXTRA 51/92 (ASA 39/03/92, 18 May 1992) - and
follow-up(s): ASA 39/04/92, 19 May 1992 and ASA 39/05/92, 21 May 1992
- Legal Concern
THAILAND: Possible amnesty for those responsible for killing
demonstrators
Before resigning as Prime Minister on 24 May 1992, General Suchinda Kraprayoon
signed a decree granting an amnesty to those involved in the violence during
recent anti-government demonstrations in Thailand, including to those
responsible for the killing of demonstrators in Bangkok during the week of
18 May 1992. The decree was issued in the name of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
and has yet to be approved by parliament. On 25 May 1992, parliament referred
the decree to a consitutional tribunal consisting of seven members from the
ruling coalition, and six members from the opposition. The tribunal is expected
to rule on legality of the decree within about one week.
BACKGROUND
The number of people killed when military and police opened fire on demonstrators
is not known. The official death toll is now 46, but Amnesty International
believes the true figure to be considerably higher. So far, 343 people have
been reported as missing to non-governmental organizations who are trying to
help victims and their relatives. Opposition groups continue to campaign for
those responsible for the killings to be brought to justice.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/express and airmail letters
- expressing grave concern that an amnesty may be granted to those responsible
for committing extrajudicial executions and other human rights violations
during recent demonstrations in Bangkok;
- saying that the thorough and impartial investigation of human rights
violations, and the bringing to justice of those who commit such acts, are
important means by which states can demonstrate their commitment to the
promotion and protection of human rights;
- urging that an independent and impartial Commission of Inquiry be established
to investigate the killings, that the results be made public and that those
responsible be brought promptly to justice;
- urging that compensation be granted to relatives of the victims;
- urging the authorities to ensure that in future, security forces' personnel
are clearly instructed that the use of lethal force will not be tolerated,
except in life-threatening situations.
page 2 of 3FU EXTRA 51/92...
APPEALS TO:
1. Foreign Minister
Pongphon Adireksan
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Saranromya Palace
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
Telegrams: Minister Pongphon Adireksan, Bangkok, Thailand
Faxes: + 662 224 7095
[Salutation: Dear Minister]
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej
The Grand Palace
Na Phra Lan Road
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
[Salutation: Your Majesty]
and to diplomatic representatives of Thailand in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 7 July 1992.

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