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UA 192/92 - Philippines: Harassment / fear of extrajudicial execution: Clovis Nazareno

, Index number: ASA 35/018/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 35/18/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 192/92 Harassment/Fear of Extrajudicial Execution 10 June 1992
PHILIPPINES: Clovis Nazareno, poet and journalist
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Clovis Nazareno, who has survived
a shooting attack by a number of men, at least one of whom is believed to be from
the military. The shooting, which took place at barangay (local administrative unit)
Catagbacan in Bohol province on 10 May 1992, follows other serious threats to Clovis
Nazareno from members of the military. A request made by Clovis Nazareno for protection
from the military authorities has been turned down.
Clovis Nazareno is a poet and newspaper columnist whose articles are frequently
critical of government policies. He is also a founder member of a local farmers group
called Friends of Farmers (FOF). On the evening of 10 May he, together with eight
friends, was visiting the various barangays of Loon by motorcycle to check the location
of voting facilities for the national elections the following day. At barangay
Catagbacan their path was blocked by a van carrying unidentified men. Clovis Nazareno
and his colleagues immediately turned and headed towards the neighbouring town of
Antequero. However, their path was blocked again, this time by armed, masked men
on motorcycles. Despite the masks Clovis Nazareno and his companions recognized one
of the attackers and are convinced that another was a military intelligence officer.
As Clovis Nazareno and his colleagues tried to escape they were fired at twice by
the masked men. Both shots missed.
Clovis Nazareno immediately reported the incident at Loon Municipal Hall. He then
went to Camp Dagohoy in Tagbilaran City to ask for military protection, but his request
was ignored.
On 28 May, Clovis Nazareno filed charges against the attackers. According to Clovis
Nazareno, however, only three of the eight friends who witnessed the attack are willing
to testify for fear of reprisals. On the same day that the charges were filed one
of the eight companions was assaulted in the presence of policemen. Clovis Nazareno
believes this may have been a further attempt to harass him.
The 10 May attack followed earlier threats from the military to Clovis Nazareno.
In December 1991 military authorities reportedly accused him of involvement with
the New People's Army (NPA), the armed wing of the outlawed Communist Party of the
Philippines (CPP). Amnesty International believes that the attempted murder and
harassment of Clovis Nazareno may be connected to his lawful political activities.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Bohol province is one of a number of regions in the Philippines where the military
is engaged in armed conflict with the New People's Army (NPA). The military's "total
approach" to counter-insurgency has involved the killing and harassment of individuals
and members of civilian organizations. Individuals and members of lawful organizations
are frequently accused of membership of, or support for, the NPA. Once labelled as
communist supporters, such people become particularly vulnerable to human rights
violations including arbitrary arrest and detention, "disappearance" and
extrajudicial execution.
Page 2 of UA 192/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern for the safety of Clovis Nazareno, following his harassment
and a shooting attack against him on 10 May 1992 by a group of men, at least one
of whom is suspected of being a military intelligence officer;
- asking the authorities to take appropriate measures to guarantee his safety;
- urging the government to conduct an immediate investigation into the
attempted killing and to bring the perpetrators to justice.
APPEALS TO
1) Superintendent Lawrence Cadungog Salutation: Dear Supt. Cadungog
Director, Bohol PNP Command
Camp Dagohoy, Tagbilaran City
Bohol, Philippines
Telegrams: Director, Bohol PNP Command, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines
2) The Provincial Governor Salutation: Dear Governor
Bohol Provincial Capital
Tagbilaran City, Bohol
Philippines
Telegrams: The Provincial Governor, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines
3) Honourable Alfredo Caresosa Salutation: Dear Mayor Caresosa
Municipal Mayor
Loon, Bohol
Philippines
Telegram: Municipal Mayor, Loon, Bohol
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Mary Concepcion Bautista (Chairman) AND
2) Paulynn Paredes Sicam (Commissioner) OR
3) Hesiquio Mallillin (Commissioner)
Commission on Human Rights
IBP Building
Dona Julia Vargas Avenue
Pasig Metro Manila, Philippines
and to diplomatic representatives of the Philippines in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 22 July 1992.

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