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UA 143/92 - Philippines: fear of "disappearance": Marcos Domanog, Julius Bagsaway, Mikhael Bagsaway, Samuel Cabebe, Cesar Dogas

, Index number: ASA 35/012/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 35/12/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 143/92 Fear of "Disappearance" 7 May 1992
PHILIPPINES: Marcos Domanog, farmer
Julius Bagsaway, farmer
Mikhael Bagsaway, farmer
Samuel Cabebe, farmer
Cesar Dogas, farmer
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of five farmers from the barangay
(administrative unit) Tanulong, Mountain Province. Marcos Domanog, Julius Bagsaway,
Mikhael Bagsaway, Samuel Cabebe and Cesar Dogas were all reportedly abducted by members
of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) on 17 April 1992. There has been no
news of the five since the abduction and their whereabouts continue to be unknown.
According to relatives of the victims all the male residents of the barangay, including
the five farmers, were rounded up by members of the AFP at around 6am on 17 April
1992. They were initially taken to the dap-ay (a local community building). Marcos
Domanog, Julius Bagsaway, Mikhael Bagsaway, Samuel Cabebe and Cesar Dogas were then
singled out and taken to another building nearby. Witnesses reportedly heard cries
coming from the building where the five men were held and it is believed that they
may have been tortured.
All the detainees except for the five farmers were released at 9pm on the same day.
The soldiers left the barangay on 18 April. According to unofficial reports the five
had been seen getting into a vehicle with some soldiers which then drove away. Their
relatives made further inquiries on 19 April at the office of the Philippine National
Police (PNP) provincial superintendent in Bontoc, Mountain Province but no further
information was provided.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
Amnesty International has recorded nine cases of "disappearance" or incommunicado
detention in the first four months of 1992. During the previous year at least 25
cases were recorded. Of these, at least six were believed to have been killed in
custody. In 1990 more than 50 people were reported to have "disappeared" in the
Philippines. Of these, at least five are believed to have died or to have been killed
while in custody and some appeared to have been tortured. During the last two years
at least 18 whose detention was denied by security forces subsequently reappeared
after a period of police or military custody. The fate and whereabouts of the majority
were unknown in March 1992.
"Disappearance" and incommunicado detention in the Philippines have occurred against
a background of armed conflict between government and government-backed forces and
the NPA, the armed wing of the outlawed Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP).
The majority of those held in unacknowledged or incommunicado detention have been
members of lawful non-governmental organizations publicly labelled by the security
forces as fronts for the NPA or CPP, or individuals suspected of NPA or CPP membership.
In the overwhelming majority of the cases in which there is clear and substantive
evidence, the perpetrators have been members of government or government backed
forces.
Page 2 of UA 143/92
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters:
- expressing concern for the safety of Marcos Domanog, Julius Bagsaway, Mikhael
Bagsaway, Samuel Cabebe and Cesar Dogas and urging the authorities to act immediately
to clarify their fate and whereabouts;
- seeking assurances that, if in detention, their physical and mental integrity will
be protected;
- calling for immediate and impartial investigations into these cases and asking
to be informed of the progress of any such investigations.
APPEALS TO
1) President Corazon Aquino Salutation: Your Excellency
Malacañang Palace
Manila, Philippines
Telegrams: President Aquino, Manila, Philippines
Telexes: 40414 MALCOM PN, 45618 RMC PM
63370 PRES PN or 82361 PU
Faxes: + 63 2 832 7793 (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
+ 63 2 731 1325 (via Press Secretary to the President)
2) Honourable Roy Pilando Salutation: Dear Governor
Governor, Mountain Province
Provincial Capital, Bontoc
Mountain Provence, Philippines
Telegrams: Governor of Mountain Province, Bontoc, Philippines
3) Brigadier General Rene Dado Salutation: Dear Brig. Gen. Dado
Brigade Commander, 702nd BDE, PA
Northern Luzon (NOLCOM)
Manaoag, Pangasinan
Philippines
Telegrams: Commander 702nd BDE, Manaoag, Pangasinan, Philippines
4) Honourable Ignacio Dao-as Salutation: Dear Mayor Dao-as
Mayor, Municipality of Sagada
Municipal Hall, Sagada, Mountain Province
Philippines
Telegrams: Mayor Dao-as, Sagada, Mountain Province, Philippines
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:
1) Mary Concepcion Bautista (Chairman) OR
2) Paulynn Paredes Sicam (Commissioner) OR
3) Narciso Monteiro (Commissioner)
Commission on Human Rights
IBP Building Complex
Dona Julia Vargas Avenue
Pasig Metro Manila, Philippines
Faxes: + 63 2 631 6449
4) Senator Wigberto Tanada
Chairman, Senate Committee on Justice and Human Rights
Padre Faura, Manila, Philippines
Faxes: + 63 2 50 07 72
and to diplomatic representatives of the Philippines in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 18 June 1992.

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