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Indonesia: Arbitrary detention / fear for safety / fear of torture or ill-treatment

, Index number: ASA 21/063/1999

Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Abdullah, Adanan Abdullah, Ansari Juned, Bahri Insya, Bakhtiar Razali, Helmi Zulkifli, Junaidi Ismail, M Amin, Marzuki Syamsuddin, M Husen, Muslidar Sabirin, Mustafa Hasyem, Nazir M Diah, Nurdin Ibrahim, Ramli Amin, Rasyidan Yusof Alias Si Yem, Razali, Si Bit A Rani, Si Yan Lem Badai and Zainuddin Syafii, who were arrested by the Indonesian National Army (TNI) on 9 July 1999. In many cases suspects linked to opposition groups who are arrested and detained by the TNI are tortured and ill-treated.

PUBLIC AI Index: ASA 21/63/99
EXTRA 89/99 Arbitrary detention / Fear for safety /
Fear of torture or ill-treatment 16 July 1999
INDONESIAAbdullah
Adanan Abdullah, 28
Ansari Juned, 19
Bahri Insya, 22
Bakhtiar Razali, 17
Helmi Zulkifli, 17
Junaidi Ismail, 32
M Amin, 30
Marzuki Syamsuddin, 21
M Husen, 35
Muslidar Sabirin, 17
Mustafa Hasyem, 23
Nazir M Diah, 38
Nurdin Ibrahim, 23
Ramli Amin, 35
Rasyidan Yusof Alias Si Yem, 28
Razali, 18
Si Bit A Rani, 18
Si Yan Lem Badai, 38
Zainuddin Syafii, 17
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of the 20 people named above
who were arrested by the Indonesian National Army (TNI) on 9 July 1999. In
many cases suspects linked to opposition groups who are arrested and detained
by the TNI are tortured and ill-treated.
They are believed to have been arrested on the basis of claims from the TNI
that the armed opposition group, Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM), Free Aceh Movement,
uses the area around the plantation where the arrests took place in Teunom
Sub-district, West Aceh District, Aceh province, northern Sumatra, as a training
ground. Local residents however claim that the group are manual labourers who
had gone to the plantation to look for work.
All 20 are now believed to be detained at the District Military Command (Kodim)
in West Aceh. Human rights lawyers claim that a local government official
attempted to meet with them but was refused access. Human rights lawyers have
also not been given access to the group.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Serious human rights violations, including “disappearances” and unlawful
killings, have increased since the end of 1998 in the course of TNI
counter-insurgency operations against the armed separatist group, GAM. In
February 1999 at least seven people were unlawfully killed by the TNI who fired
on a march in Idi Cut, East Aceh. On 3 May, human rights monitors claimed that
at least 40 people were killed in Krueng Geukueh, Dewantara Sub-District, Aceh
Utara District, when the TNI fired on a demonstration. GAM have also been accused
of committing human rights abuses.
Dozens of people have been arrested in recent months on suspicion of links
to GAM. Suspects detained by the TNI are often denied access to lawyers of
their choice and are at risk of torture or ill-treatment. Under Indonesia’s
Code of Criminal Procedures, only the police - and not the TNI - have the
authority to arrest, detain and investigate suspects.
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RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express/airmail letters in
Bahasa Indonesia or English or your own language:
- urging the authorities to take measures to ensure that the 20 people named
above are not at risk of torture or ill-treatment and that they are given
immediate and on-going access to lawyers of their choice and to their families
(you can mention some of the names listed);
- urging the authorities to clarify the precise charges against the group and
release them if they are not to be immediately charged with a recognizably
criminal offence;
- urging the authorities, if they are to be charged with a recognizably criminal
offence, to ensure that they are handed over by the TNI to the police, in
accordance with Indonesia’s Code of Criminal Procedures.
APPEALS TO (if you are unable to obtain a fax tone for General Wiranto please
try later):
Minister of Defence and Security
Gen. Wiranto
Menteri Pertahanan dan Keamanan
Jl. Medan Merdeka Barat No.13-14
Jakarta 10110
Indonesia
Telegrams:General Wiranto, Jakarta, Indonesia
Faxes:+ 62 21 381 4535 / 384 5178
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES TO:
Military Commander Region I/bukit Barisan
(covers North & West Sumatra and Aceh)
Major General Abdul Rahman Gaffar
Pangdam I/Bukit Barisan
Markas Besar KODAM I
Medan
Sumatra Utara
Indonesia
and to diplomatic representatives of Indonesia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 13 August 1999.

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