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Further information on UA 366/92 (ASA 21/17/92, 23 November and follow-ups ASA 21/19/92, 24 November and ASA 21/20/92, 26 November) - Indonesia / East Timor: legal concern / fear of torture: Xanana Gusmao, Rufina Conceicao Araujo, Augusto Pereira, Alianca

, Index number: ASA 21/021/1992

Xanana Gusmao, the East Timorese resistance leader arrested in Dili on 20 November, is reported to be military custody in Bali. At least 12 others arrested around the same time, including relatives and friends, are believed to remain in incommunicado detention in Dili. The authorities have provided conflicting accounts of Xanana's whereabouts but unofficial sources indicate that he is held incommunicado at the Wisma Bayung, the eastern Indonesia headquarters of the Armed Forces Strategic Intelligence Agency. He is apparently to be tried under Indonesian Law but as yet no details of the charges have been made public. The other 12 detainees have reportedly been questioned intensively but no charges appear to have been brought.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 21/21/92
Distr: UA/SC
30 November 1992
Further information on UA 366/92 (ASA 21/17/92, 23 November 1992) - and follow-ups
ASA 21/19/92 of 24 November 1992 and ASA 21/20/92 of 26 November 1992 - Legal
Concern/Fear of Torture
INDONESIA/EAST TIMOR: Xanana Gusmão, 45
Rufina Conceiçao Araujo (female), 74
Augusto Pereira, 43 ) husband and
Aliança de Araujo (female), 40 ) wife
Ligia de Araujo (female), 22
Jorge Manuel Araujo Serrano, 21
Regina Conceiçao Araujo Serrano (female), 18
Francisco Almeida Araujo, 17
Armandina Gusmão dos Santos (female) ] note full
Gilman Exposto dos Santos ] names
Olandina Caceiro Alves (female)
(friend of Armandina Gusmão)
Oscar Lima (friend of Olandina Caceiro)
Americo
Xanana Gusmão, the East Timorese resistance leader arrested in Dili on 20 November,
is reported to be in the custody of Indonesian military intelligence authorities
in Bali. Amnesty International remains seriously concerned for his safety. At least
twelve other people arrested since 20 November, including two of Xanana's relatives,
are believed to remain in incommunicado detention in Dili. There continue to be fears
that they may be tortured or ill-treated under interrogation.
Indonesian authorities have provided conflicting accounts of Xanana's precise
whereabouts, but unofficial sources indicate that he is currently held incommunicado
at the Wisma Bayung, the eastern Indonesia headquarters of the Armed Forces Strategic
Intelligence Agency (BAIS-ABRI). The Wisma Bayung is located near the airport outside
Denpasar, Bali. On 26 November a military spokesperson said that Xanana was in police
custody in Bali, but when asked for confirmation, the Regional Police Chief responsible
for Bali said he "had not yet received any official report that Xanana had been handed
over to the police." In a separate statement to the press, the Indonesian Foreign
Minister reportedly claimed that Xanana was well and in Dili.
Military authorities have stated that Xanana will be tried under Indonesian law,
either in Denpasar or Dili, but they have provided no details on the charges to be
brought. According to press reports, the Minister for Defence said on 26 November
that Xanana was "just a street criminal." However, the evident involvement of military
intelligence operatives in his interrogation, and the inclusion of Armed Forces
personnel on the team established to investigate his case, strongly suggest that
he will be charged with political crimes.
At least 12 other people arrested since 20 November, including two of Xanana's
relatives, are believed to remain in custody in Dili. Xanana's sister, Armandina
Gusmão dos Santos and her husband, Gilman Exposto dos Santos, an employee of the
Catholic Relief Service, are reportedly held at police headquarters in Komoro. They
are said to have been subjected to intensive questioning over the last four days,
although they are not known to have been charged with an offence. Police
Page 2 of 3FU 366/92
authorities have prevented relatives from visiting the couple in detention, and there
are fears that the detainees may be subjected to torture or ill-treatment. Two of
their children, previously reported as arrested, are said to be staying with relatives
in Dili.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters in English or your own language:
- urging the government in the strongest possible terms to immediately clarify the
whereabouts of Xanana Gusmão and the other detainees named above;
- expressing concern for members of the Araujo and Gusmão families and others detained
in the wake of Xanana's capture;
- reiterating the call for representatives of the International Committee of the
Red Cross and independent lawyers to be granted immediate access to Xanana Gusmão
and the other detainees, as required by Indonesian and international law;
- seeking clarification of the precise charges to be brought against Xanana Gusmão,
and urging the government to release immediately and unconditionally all those
detained solely for their peaceful political views.
APPEALS TO:
For appeals regarding Xanana Gusmão only:
1. Lt Col Hasibuan Salutation: Dear Lt Col Hasibuan
Wisma Bayung
Denpasar, Bali
Indonesia
Telegrams: Lt Col Hasibuan Wisma Bayung, Denpasar, Indonesia
For appeals regarding all the detainees, including Xanana Gusmão:
2. Brig Gen Theo Syafei
Markas Besar KOREM 164 Salutation: Dear Brig Gen Syafei
Dili, East Timor
Telegrams Brig Gen Syafei, Dili, East Timor
3. General Try Sutrisno Salutation: Dear General Sutrisno
Commander of the Armed Forces
Markas Besar ABRI
Cilangkap, East Jakarta, Indonesia
Telegrams: Gen Try Sutrisno Jakarta,Indonesia
Faxes: + 62 21 36 1471 (Armed Forces HQ);
+ 62 21 37 8144 (Army HQ); + 62 21 35 6404
4. Maj Gen Suwardi (note corrected name) Salutation: Dear Maj Gen Suwardi
Markas Besa KODAM IX
Udayana, Denpasar
Bali, Indonesia
Telegrams: Maj Gen Suwardi, Markas Besar ABRI, Udayana, Denpasar, Bali,
Indonesia
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (LBH)
Jl. Diponegoro 74
Jakarta 10320
Indonesia
and to diplomatic representatives of Indonesia/East Timor accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 11 January 1993.

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