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UA 485/90 - People's Republic of China: legal concern: Wang Juntao, Chen Ziming, Liu Xiaobo, Liu Suli, Zhou Yongjun, Ren Wanding, Zhang Ming, Zheng Xuguang and others

, Index number: ASA 17/071/1990

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/71/90
Distr: UA/SC
UA 485/90 Legal Concern 30 November 1990
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA:
Wang Juntao Liu Xiaobo Zhou Yongjun Zhang Ming
Chen Ziming Liu Suli Ren Wanding Zheng Xuguang
and others
Several dozen prominent political detainees are expected to be tried soon in
Beijing for their role in last year's pro-democracy protests and may face heavy
prison sentences after unfair trials behind closed doors. Amnesty International
is concerned that they are arbitrarily detained for the peaceful exercise of
fundamental human rights and that they are unlikely to receive fair and open
trials, in accordance with international human rights standards.
Several of the detainees were charged only a few days ago with
"counter-revolutionary" offences, after being held for over a year without
charge. Their relatives were officially notified of the charges and expect
them to go on trial very soon.
Among the detainees are Wang Juntao and Chen Ziming, two intellectuals
who were castigated last year in the official press as "instigators" of the
protests; Liu Xiaobo and Liu Suli, two university lecturers, and Zhou Yongjun,
a student leader at the University of Politics and Law in Beijing. Ren Wanding,
a human rights activist who was charged earlier this year, is also said to
be among those due to go on trial shortly. He previously spent four years in
prison for his activities in the 1979 democracy movement.
All have been charged with carrying out "counter-revolutionary propaganda
and agitation", which carries a minimum sentence of 5 years' imprisonment in
the case of the "ringleaders"; and two of them - Wang Juntao and Chen Ziming
- have additionally been charged with "plotting to overthrow the government",
a far more serious charge which carries penalties ranging from minimum 10 years'
imprisonment to death.
Trial proceedings against two student leaders have already started in
Beijing, according to foreign press correspondents there. The two are Zhang
Ming, 25, from Beijing's Qinghua University, and Zheng Xuguang, 21, from
Beijing's Aeronautics University. Both were on a government list of 21 "most
wanted" students issued in June last year. They were charged with
"counter-revolutionary" offences. Hearings of Zheng Xuguang's case are said
to have begun last week and proceedings against Zhang Ming started on 27
November, but no verdicts have been announced.
According to sources in Beijing, prosecution also has started against
33 political detainees held at Qincheng prison, north of Beijing, including
the two students now being tried. Among others who may soon face trial are
13 leaders of the Beijing Workers Autonomous Federation who are being held
in various detention centres in Beijing, and several intellectuals who until
recently were detained without charge. They include Bao Zunxin, an academic
who was recently reported to have attempted to commit suicide in prison (see
UA 414/90 of 12 October 1990 - ASA 17/62/90); Chen Xiaoping, a lecturer at
the University of Politics and Law; student leader Wang Dan; and Han Dongfang,
leader of the Beijing Workers Autonomous Federation who was charged with
"counter-revolutionary" offences in March this year.
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Amnesty International is calling on the government to make public the
identities of all people now facing trial in relation to the protests, full
details of the charges against them, and the dates and places of the hearings.
It is also urging the government to ensure that the trials are open to the
public and conducted in accordance with international standards for fair trial,
and to allow international observers to the trials.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telexes/faxes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern at reports that Zhang Ming and Zheng Xuguang are now
being tried on "counter-revolutionary" charges, and that Wang Juntao, Chen
Ziming, Liu Xiaobo, Liu Suli, Zhou Yongjun, Ren Wanding and several others
have been charged with similar offences;
- urging the government to make public the identities of all political
detainees now facing trial, full details of the charges against them, scheduled
trial dates and the courts which will be conducting the proceedings;
- urging the government to ensure that the trials are open to the public
and conducted in accordance with international standards for fair trial, and
to allow international observers to attend the trials.
APPEALS TO:
LI Peng Zongli (Premier)
Guowoyuan
Beijingshi
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
CAI Cheng Buzhang (Justice Minister)
Sifabu
Sanlihe
Beijingshi
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
(Please forward to Cai Cheng Buzhang)
LIU Fuzhi Jianchazhang (Procurator General)
Zuigao Renmin Jianchayuan
Beijinghsi
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
(Please forward to Liu Fuzhi Jianchazhang)
Faxes: + 86 1 512 1158
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of PRC in your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 31 January 1991.

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