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Further information on UA 164/93 (ASA 17/20/93, 19 May; and follow-ups ASA 17/21/93, 25 May and ASA 17/24/93, 17 June) - People's Republic of China (Tibet Autonomous Region): mass arrest / fear of ill-treatment: Lobsang Yonten, Gendun Rinchen, Damchoe Pem

, Index number: ASA 17/035/1993

According to a number of unofficial reports, Damchoe Pemo, who was arrested in Lhasa on 20 May 1993, miscarried a week later after police forced her to remain standing for at least 12 hours and beat her with electric batons. She was said to have been in a critical condition in early June. A Lhasa trader in her mid-twenties, she was reportedly four or five months pregnant when she was detained. Although a nurse has apparently been allowed to visit her in prison , it is not thought that she was transferred to hospital at any stage. She was detained on suspicion of belonging to a pro- independence organization, following the arrest of her uncle, Lobsang Gyaltsen on 15 May and her husband, Tashi Topgyal. At least 107 Tibetans were reportedly arrested between April and July.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/35/93
Distr: UA/SC
13 August 1993
Further information on UA 164/93 (ASA 17/20/93, 19 May 1993) and follow-ups:
ASA 17/21/93, 25 May 1993 and ASA 17/24/93, 17 June 1993 - Mass arrest/Fear
of Ill-treatment
People's Republic of ChinaLobsang Yonten
(Tibet Autonomous Region): Gendun Rinchen
Damchoe Pemo
and new names: Lobsang Gyaltsen
Tashi Topgyal
and an unknown number of other Tibetans
According to a number of unofficial reports, Damchoe Pemo, the Tibetan woman
arrested in Lhasa on 20 May 1993, miscarried a week later after police forced
her to remain standing for at least 12 hours and beat her with electric batons.
She was said to have been in a critical condition in early June.
Damchoe Pemo, a Lhasa trader in her mid-twenties, was reportedly four or five
months pregnant when she was detained. According to one source, the incident
was believed to have taken place after she had refused to reveal names of Tibetan
underground activists during interrogation. She remains in Seitru Detention
Centre, north of Lhasa. Amnesty International considers her to be a prisoner
of conscience. Although a nurse has apparently been allowed to visit her in
prison every day since the miscarriage, it is not thought that she was
transferred to hospital at any stage.
Amnesty International is very concerned about Damchoe Pemo's state of health
and the lack of suitable medical treatment she is receiving. She miscarried
20 weeks into her pregnancy - close medical supervision is therefore highly
desirable.
Damchoe Pemo was first arrested in 1988 and then in 1989 for her involvement
in a demonstration. She was imprisoned for an unknown period of time. Her arrest
in May 1993 was apparently on suspicion of being a member of a pro-independence
organization. Police had raided and searched her home following the arrest
on 15 May of her uncle, Lobsang Gyaltsen, a 33 year-old farmer from Nyemo,
west of Lhasa, who was also suspected of belonging to a pro-independence group.
Another source reports that on 23 June Damchoe Pemo's husband, Tashi Topgyal,
was also detained, although the circumstances of his arrest are not known.
It is not known where either of these men are being held.
A week before Damchoe Pemo's detention, human rights monitors Lobsang Yonten
and Gendun Rinchen were arrested from their homes. To date they are the only
two Tibetans whose detention has been confirmed by the Chinese authorities
this year. However, at least 107 Tibetans have reportedly been arrested from
April to July 1993 either for their involvement in activities in support of
dissidents in Tibet or for taking part in independence protests. Demonstrations
which initially began in Lhasa have spread to rural villages beyond the capital
and led to the arbitrary arrest of many farmers and laypeople as well as nuns
and monks.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
airmail letters in English or your own language:
- expressing deep concern at reports that Damchoe Pemo miscarried and is in
poor health due to torture and ill-treatment;
- urging the authorities to release her immediately and unconditionally and
to ensure that she receives all appropriate medical care;
- urging the authorities to launch an impartial and public investigation into
the circumstances of Damchoe Pemo's ill-treatment;
- urging the authorities to disclose the whereabouts of Lobsang Gyaltsen and
Tashi Topgyal and the charges made against them and calling for their immediate
and unconditional release if the charges against them are not based on
recognizably criminal offences in accordance with international standards.
APPEALS TO:
1) Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate:
ZHANG Siqi Jianchazhang
Zuigao Renmin Jianchayuan
147 Beiheyan Dajie
Donganmen, Dongchengqu
Beijingshi 100726
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Zhang Siqi, Jianchayuanzhang, Beijing, P.R. China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
(please forward to Zhang Siqi Jianchayuanzhang)
Faxes: + 861 512 6655 ext. 1053
Salutation: Dear Procurator-General
2) President of the Xizang Autonomous Regional People's Government:
GYALTSEN Norbu Zhuxi
Xizang Zizhiqu Renmin Zhengfu
1 Kang'andonglu
Lasashi 850000
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: President Gyaltsen Norbu, Lasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China
Telexes: 68014 FAOLT CN or 68007 PGVMT CN
Salutation: Dear President
3) Director of the Xizang Autonomous Regional Department of Public Security:
BAIMA Doji Tingzhang
Gong'anting
Linkuodonglu
Lasashi 850000
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Baima Doji, Gong'antingzhang, Lasa, Xizang Zizhiqu, P.R. China
Salutation: Dear Director
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Secretary of the Xizang
Autonomous Regional Party Committee:
CHEN Kuiyuan Shuji
Zhonggong Xizang Zizhiqu Weiyuanhui
Lasashi
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
2) Chairman of the Xizang Autonomous Regional People's Congress Standing
Committee:
RAIDI Zhuren
Xizang Zizhiqu Renmin Daibiao Dahui
Changwu Weiyuanhui
Lasashi
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
and to diplomatic representatives of China accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 24 September 1993.

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