• Campaigns

Further information on UA 414/90 (ASA 17/62/90, 12 October); UA 485/90 (ASA 17/71/90, 30 November); UA 487/90 (ASA 17/72/90, 3 December and follow-up ASA 17/09/91, 24 January); UA 07/91 (ASA 17/02/91, 11 January); UA 16/91 (ASA 17/03/91, 16 January); UA 1

, Index number: ASA 17/012/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/12/91
Distr: UA/SC
29 January 1991
Further information on UA 414/90 (ASA 17/62/90, 12 October 1990);
UA 485/90 (ASA 17/71/90, 30 November 1990); UA 487/90 (ASA 17/72/90,
3 December 1990 and follow-up ASA 17/09/91, 24 January 1991);
UA 07/91 (ASA 17/02/91, 11 January 1991); UA 16/91 (ASA 17/03/91,
16 January 1991); UA 18/91 (ASA 17/04/91, 18 January 1991) - Legal Concern
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA:Wang Dan, Ren Wanding, Bao Zunxin, Guo
Haifeng, Yao Junling, Liu Xiaobo
Wang Dan (see UA 487/90 and follow-up), Ren Wanding (see UAs 485/90 and
07/91) and Bao Zunxin (see UAs 414/90 and 16/91), all prisoners of
conscience, were sentenced on 26 January 1991 by the Beijing Intermediate
People's Court to prison terms ranging from four to seven years. Guo
Haifang (see UA 07/91) was sentenced to four years and his associate
Yao Junling was sentenced to two years' imprisonment. Liu Xiaobo (see
UAs 485/90 and 18/91) was reported by the official New China News Agency
to have been released because "he showed repentance and performed some
major meritorious service".
All were charged with "counter-revolutionary propaganda and agitation"
except Guo Haifeng and Yao Junling who were charged with
"counter-revolutionary sabotage".
Wang Dan was sentenced to four years' imprisonment. According to the
New China News Agency he was given a "lesser sentence" because he had
shown "such repentance as confessing his own crimes and exposing others".
Ren Wanding, a former prisoner of conscience who had previously spent
four years in prison for his activities in the 1979 democracy movement,
was sentenced to seven years' imprisonment. The official report stated
that "[Ren] committed grave crimes and showed no repentance".
Bao Zunxin was sentenced to five years' imprisonment but was reported
to have been "repentant".
Foreign correspondents and diplomats in Beijing continue to be denied
permission to attend the trials. The New China News Agency reported
that 300 people had attended the trials, but according to other sources,
those admitted were selected in advance by the authorities and there
was no free access to the courts hearing the cases.
Trial procedures in China fall far short of international standards for
fairness. The defendants tried recently were reportedly unable to
designate lawyers of their choice. In trials of other dissidents held
earlier this month, defendants reportedly had to submit their defence
statements to the court in advance for approval. It is also a common
practice in China for the verdict to be decided before the trial.
Amnesty International is concerned that all six may have been denied
fair trials in accordance with international standards.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telexes/faxes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern that Wang Dan, Ren Wanding and Bao Zunxin, have
been sentenced to prison terms for the peaceful exercise of their
right to freedom of association and expression and urging the
authorities to release them immediately and unconditionally;
- expressing concern at reports that the charges against Guo Haifeng
and Yao Junling may be unfounded and urging the authorities to
make public evidence on which the charges against them are based;
- expressing concern that the recent trials fail to meet
international standards for fair trials and urging the authorities
to make public a full transcript of the trials;
- urging the authorities to ensure that current and future trials
are open to the general public and conducted according to
international standards for fair trials and that international
observers be permitted to attend the trials;
- welcoming reports that Liu Xiaobo has been released but inquiring
whether any restrictions were placed on him as a condition for his
LI Peng Zongli (PREMIER)
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN
People's Republic of China or 22478 MFERT CN
Sanlihe Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN
Beijingshi or 22478 MFERT CN
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo (Please forward to Cai Cheng
People's Republic of China Buzhang)
Zuigao Renmin Jianchayuan Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN
Beijinghsi or 22478 MFERT CN
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo (Please forward to Liu Fuxhi
People's Republic of China Jianchazhang
Faxes: +86 1 512 1158
JIANG Zemin Zhongyang Weiyuanhui Zongshuji
Zonghua Renmin Gongheguo
People's Republic of China (PARTY GENERAL SECRETARY)
Renmin Ribao
Jintaixilu 2
Beijingshi 100733
People's Republic of China
and to the PRC diplomatic representatives in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International
Secretariat or your section office if sending appeals after 12 March

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