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Myanmar: ill-treatment / fear of torture: 50 students, including Moe Myat Thu, Mo Maung Maung, Maung Maung Win, Maung Maung Oo, Cho Nwe Oo, Yi Yi Tun, Aye Aye Moe, Moe Kalayar Oo, Ni Ni

, Index number: ASA 16/004/1995

AI is gravely concerned for the safety of some 50 young pro-democracy activists arrested on 20 February 1995 in Yangon (Rangoon). They were arrested during the funeral of U Nu, Myanmar's first prime minister. According to reports, Maung Maung Ol and Moe Myat Thu were badly beaten at the time of their arrest. AI has no further information about their whereabouts or the conditions of their detention.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 16/04/95
Distr: UA/SC
UA 65/95 Ill-treatment / Fear of Torture 15 March 1995
MYANMAR50 students, including Moe Myat Thu, Mo Maung Maung, Maung Maung Win,
Maung Maung Oo, Cho Nwe Oo (f), Yi Yi Tun (f), Aye Aye Moe (f),
Moe Kalayar Oo (f), Ni Ni (f)
Amnesty International is gravely concerned for the safety of some 50 young
pro-democracy activists who were arrested on 20 February 1995 in the capital,
Yangon (formerly Rangoon). According to reports, Maung Maung Oo and Moe Myat
Thu were badly beaten by members of Military Intelligence at the time of their
arrest. Amnesty International has no further information about where the 50
are being detained or the conditions of their detention.
The young people were arrested during the funeral of U Nu, who was Myanmar's
first prime minister. A former prisoner of conscience, he was held under house
arrest from 1989 until 1992. The young people gathered peacefully at the site
of his funeral procession and shouted slogans, and then were apparently
arrested. Amnesty International urgently calls on the military authorities
to ensure that none of these activists are tortured or ill-treated while in
detention.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Moe Myat Thu and Maung Maung Oo, both students, were arrested previously in
1989 during the pro-democracy movement. Moe Myat Thu was a close associate
of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, prisoner of conscience and 1991 Nobel Peace Prize
laureate. Ni Ni had also been previously arrested and is the sister of Ko
Phone Maw, the first student to be killed in the 1988 mass demonstrations
protesting 26 years of one party-military rule in Myanmar. Moe Kalayar Oo,
Aye Aye Moe, Yi Yi Tun, Cho Nwe Oo, Maung Maung Win, and Moe Maung Maung are
all students in Yangon.
The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC, Myanmar's military
authorities) took power following the violent suppression of widespread
pro-democracy demonstrations in 1988. Hundreds of people were arrested and
imprisoned for taking part in the demonstrations. General elections held in
1990 resulted in an overwhelming victory for the National League for Democracy,
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's political party. However the SLORC refused to hand over
power and has continued to rule by decree since 1988. The rights to freedom
of expression and assembly are severely curtailed in Myanmar, and anyone
expressing opposition to the SLORC is at risk of arrest. Although many
political prisoners have been released since 1992, hundreds remain in prison,
including some five political activists who were arrested in July and August
1994 and sentenced to long terms of imprisonment. Since 1988, Amnesty
International has received many extensive reports of torture and ill-treatment
in Myanmar's prisons.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the ill-treatment of Moe Myat Thu and Maung Maung Oo;
- seeking assurances that the treatment of the 50 activists conforms to
international standards, and that they be given access to their families,
lawyers and medical personnel;
- urging that they be promptly charged with a recognizable criminal offence,
or released.
2
APPEALS TO:
1) Chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council,
General Than Shwe
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: General Than Shwe, Yangon, Myanmar
Telexes: 21316
Salutation: Dear General
2) Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt, Secretary 1
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt, Yangon, Myanmar
Salutation: Dear General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: to diplomatic representatives of
Myanmar accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the
International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending
appeals after 26 April 1995.

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