EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 51/102/92
EXTRA 78/92 Death Penalty 11 September 1992
USA (Texas): Eight executions scheduled in 7 day period
Eight executions are scheduled in Texas, USA, within a seven day period in
September. Amnesty International is deeply concerned at the escalating rate
at which death warrants are being issued and carried out in the state. This
is the largest number of execution dates set by a single state within a 7 day
period since the death penalty was re-introduced by US states in the mid-1970s.
Earlier this year, 7 executions were scheduled in a 15 day period in Texas
(see EXTRA 41/92, AMR 51/47/92, 7 April 1992 and most recent follow up, AMR
51/61/92 of 30 April 1992).
DAVID LONG and IRINEO MONTOYA, are both due to be executed on 17 September.
David Long is white. Irineo Montoya is Mexican, and was sentenced to death
on 18 June 1986 for the murder of a white female.
CORNELIUS GOSS and KARL HAMMOND, are both scheduled for execution on 18
September. Cornelius Goss is black. Karl Hammond, black, was sentenced to
death for the murder of a female.
WARREN BRIDGE is scheduled to be executed on 21 September. He is white and
was sentenced to death in September 1980 for the murder of a white male.
JAMES DEMOUCHETTE is scheduled to be executed on 22 September. Demouchette,
black, was sentenced to death in April 1983 for the murders of three white
ANDRE LEWIS, who is black, is scheduled to be executed on 22 September.
RICARDO ALDAPE GUERRA, Mexican, is scheduled to be executed on 24 September.
(For further information on this case, see EXTRA 48/92, AMR 51/63/92, 7 May
1992; and follow-ups AMR 51/67/92, 12 May 1992, and AMR 51/101/92, 3 September
Texas continues to lead the nation in death sentencing and executions. As
of April 1992, there were 349 prisoners under sentence of death; nine prisoners
have been executed in the state so far this year, the most recent being Curtis
Johnson on 11 August 1992. The method of execution is lethal injection.
Research conducted in different countries has failed to reveal convincing
evidence that the death penalty deters serious crime more effectively than
other punishments. No decline in homicides has been identifiable in those
US states which now execute prisoners on a regular basis. Crime statistics
issued in Texas in April 1992 revealed that 1991 was the most violent in Texas
history, with a record number of homicides (11 percent more than in 1990) and