United States of America: Texas: Executing juvenile offenders
Juvenile offender Curtis Harris was executed in Texas on 1 July 1993, two others, Gary Graham and Ruben Cantu, face imminent execution. In the wake of the US Supreme Court's ruling on 24 June 1993 which denied the appeal of Dorsie Johnson that the Texas law in force from 1976 to 1991 was unconstitutional, there are fears that further such executions may take place. This report gives details on the cases of Gary Graham and Ruben Cantu, and a further six juvenile offenders under sentence of death: Mauro Morris Barraza, Joseph Cannon, Robert Carter, Miguel Angel Martinez, Gerald Mitchell and Robert Willis. It examines the often inadequate legal representation provided, and the concerns that the death penalty is applied in an arbitrary and discriminatory manner.