UA 401/91 - Peru: possible extrajudicial execution: Luis Alberto Diaz Astovela, Alejandro Rosales Alejandro, Maximo Leon Leon, Manuel Rios Perez, Alejandro Rojas Alvites, Felix Gustavo Huamanyauri, Benedicta Yanque Churo, Melisa, Javier Rios Rojas, Filome
EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/75/91
UA 401/91 Possible Extrajudicial Execution 15 November 1991
PERU Luis Alberto DIAZ ASTOVELA, 23 Filomeno LEON LEON, 30
Alejandro ROSALES ALEJANDRO, 43 Odar SIFUENTES NUÑEZ, 25
Máximo LEON LEON, 49 Lucio QUISPE HUANACO, 61
Manuel RIOS PEREZ, 31 Leoncio CORIMANYA, approx. 25
Alejandro ROJAS ALVITES Tomás ORTEGA ORTEGA
Felix GUSTAVO HUAMANYAURI Juan LEON BORJAS, 32
Benedicta YANQUE CHURO, 18 Nelly María RUBINA AQUINIEGO, 22
Melisa (surname not known), approximately 20
Javier RIOS ROJAS, 9
Amnesty International is concerned about the killing of twelve men, three women
and one child, in circumstances which suggest they may have been extrajudicially
executed by members of the security forces or people working with their
acquiescence. The killing took place during a social gathering held in a house
in the Barrios Altos district in the centre of Lima, the capital, on 3 November
According to witnesses, during the gathering which was attended by a
large number of people, about ten assailants entered the room, shouting and
ordering everybody to lie down on the floor, before proceeding to shoot them,
reportedly using firearms with silencers.
According to neighbours, the assailants arrived in two vehicles of the
type used by the authorities. Further reports indicate that one of the vehicles
belonged to the Deputy Minister of the Interior and the other to the office
of the Presidency. The authorities said that the vehicles had been stolen
some time ago. The killings took place within the close vicinity of the
Dirección de Inteligencia de la Policía Nacional, the Intelligence Division
of the National Police, the Cuartel del Escuadrón Aguilas Negras de la Policía
General, the barracks of the Aguilas Negras Squadron of the General Police,
as well as of an army patrol.
According to official documents made available by a Peruvian senator
to the Ministers of Defence and the Interior, the house in Barrios Altos where
the killing took place had been watched over since 1989 by a special police
intelligence group which believed that the house was being frequented by
sympathisers of the armed opposition group Sendero Luminoso.
Gross and widespread human rights violations have afflicted Peru since 1983,
as more and more areas of the country are designated emergency zones under
military control. Emergency zones form the core of counter-insurgency strategy
to combat widespread armed opposition, principally from Sendero Luminoso which
has been responsible for extensive atrocities since it commenced armed actions
in 1980. Thousands of people have been killed by Sendero Luminoso, who
frequently torture their captives and subject them to mock trials before killing
them, in a parody of justice.
Since the armed conflict began, thousands of people have "disappeared"
or been extrajudicially executed by the security forces in the emergency zones.
Most of those whose bodies were found had been brutally tortured, as were the
few who survived "disappearance". In recent years "disappearances" and
extrajudicial executions have spread beyond the emergency zones to afflict
the entire country.
Threats, attacks and selective assassinations have been attributed to
paramilitary groups operating under a variety of names, including the Comando
Rodrigo Franco (CRF), Rodrigo Franco Command, which operated from July 1988
until prior to the completion of the previous government's term of office in
July 1990. More recently, threats from a group calling itself the Comando
de Liberación Antiterrorista, the Anti-Terrorist Liberation Command, has issued
threats to several journalists. Human Rights organizations in Peru have
expressed concern that the Comando de Liberación Antiterrorista may be working
with the direct support or the acquiescence of the armed forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes and airmail letters:
- urging that a thorough and impartial investigation be immediately ordered
into the killing of the twelve men, three women and one child during a
social gathering in the centre of Lima, in circumstances suggesting
possible involvement of the security forces;
- urging that all findings be made public and the perpetrators be brought
- urging that concrete steps be taken with the utmost urgency to guarantee
the personal security of all witnesses.
Presidente Alberto Fujimori Señor Presidente
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva Señor Ministro
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Malca, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 27 December 1991.