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UA 305/92 - Peru: "disappearances": Sonia Aquino Orosco, Cirilo Rodriguez Landa

, Index number: AMR 46/047/1992

Sonia Aquino was reportedly detained at the primary school where she taught in Esgana, San Miguel, La Mar province by members of a civil defence patrol and members of the army from the military base in Tambo. She was reportedly taken to the "Los Cabitos" military base in the city of Ayacucho. The military authorities are denying knowledge of her detention. Cirilo Rodriguez Landa reportedly "disappeared" while passing through the market in Ayacucho. Relatives say that he may have been detained by members of the Policia Tecnica, the investigative police. The authorities have denied the detention. AI is seeking information on the whereabouts and legal situation of both.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/47/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 305/92 "Disappearances" 2 October 1992
PERU: Sonia AQUINO OROSCO, aged 24, female, teacher
Cirilo RODRIGUEZ LANDA, aged 52
Amnesty International has just learned of the reported "disappearances" of
Sonia Aquino Orosco and Cirilo Rodríguez Landa in Ayacucho department.
On 29 August 1992 Sonia Aquino was reportedly detained at the primary school
where she taught in Esgana, San Miguel, La Mar province by members of a civil
defence patrol and members of the armed forces stationed at the military base
in Tambo, La Mar province. She was reportedly taken to the "Los Cabitos"
military base in the city of Ayacucho. The military authorities are denying
knowledge of the detention. A formal denunciation was made to a public
prosecutor in Ayacucho city.
On 31 August 1992 Cirilo Rodríguez Landa reportedly "disappeared" as he passed
through the market in Ayacucho city. Relatives believe that he may have been
detained by members of the Policía Técnica, the investigative police. He had
previously been detained by the police and then freed. Authorities have denied
the detention. A formal denunciation was made to a public prosecutor in
Ayacucho city.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
President Fujimori and his government assumed power on 28 July 1990. The
government inherited a legacy of gross human rights violations dating back
to January 1983, including thousands of cases of "disappearance" and
extrajudicial execution. In his inaugural speech the President stated that
his government would fully respect human rights. On a number of subsequent
occasions President Fujimori and representatives of his government have
repeated that pledge. However, according to the cases documented by Amnesty
International, between 28 July 1990 and 31 July 1992 some 566 people allegedly
"disappeared" after arrest and 151 were extrajudicially executed. Dozens of
cases of torture, and of death threats and attacks on human rights defenders,
have also been documented by the organization since July 1990.
Human rights violations occur in the context of the government's
counter-insurgency operations directed against the clandestine armed
opposition groups Partido Comunista del Perú, (Sendero Luminoso), PCP,
Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path) and the Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac
Amaru, (MRTA), pac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. Amnesty International is
concerned about and condemns the deliberate and arbitrary killing by the armed
opposition of defenceless civilians not directly involved in the internal
conflict and of members of the security forces who have laid down their arms
and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other
cause.
page 2 of UA 305/92...
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes and airmail letters either
in spanish or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the reported "disappearance" of Sonia Aquino Orosco
and Cirilo Rodriguez Landa;
- urging that their whereabouts and legal situation be immediately clarified;
- asking that they be immediately brought before a judge and charged with a
recognizable criminal offence or else be released;
- asking that while in detention they be humanely treated and given access
to an independent lawyer, a doctor, relatives and a representative from the
Public Ministry.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of Defence:
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Monterrico
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Villanueva, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
3) President of the Armed Forces Joint Comand:
General Nicolás Hermoza Ríos
Presidente del Comando Conjunto de las
Fuerzas Armadas
291 Av. Arequipa
Lima, PERU
Telegrams:Presidente del Comando Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, Lima, PERU
Salutation: Señor General / Dear General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Señores
Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos (COMISEDH)
Apartado 11-0247
Lima
PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 13 November 1992.

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