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UA 237/91 - Peru: fear of torture / fear of "disappearance": Emilio Ishuiza Pashanasi, Oswaldo Hoyos Rengifo, Werlin Garcia Ishuiza, Rildo Mozombite, Jose Aguilar Vega, Hilda Shapiama

, Index number: AMR 46/038/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/38/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 237/91 Fear of Torture/Fear of "disappearance" 12 July 1991
PERU: Emilio ISHUIZA PASHANASI, aged 56
Oswaldo HOYOS RENGIFO, aged 20
Werlin GARCIA ISHUIZA, aged 18
Rildo MOZOMBITE, aged 23
José AGUILAR VEGA, aged 58
Hilda SHAPIAMA, (f), aged 16
Amnesty International is concerned about the reported detention of the six
persons named above by members of the army on 24 June 1991.
According to reports, on the morning of 24 June 1991, while villagers were
celebrating the San Juan feast day, an army helicopter carrying soldiers landed
at the hamlet of El Pisal, Barranquita district, Lamas province, San Martín
department. After searching their homes soldiers reportedly detained the above
mentioned people and transferred them to the Morales military base. All six
detainees are reported to be held in solitary confinement.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Over the last nine years, Amnesty International has received numerous reports
of unacknowledged detentions or detentions in solitary confinement from Peru,
some of which have led to torture and "disappearances". Most of them have
occurred in rural areas and have been carried out by uniformed members of the
security forces, who often refuse to acknowledge the detentions. Many of those
detained by the armed forces "disappear" indefinitely; others are released
after days or weeks in secret custody, during which time they may be subjected
to torture. Sometimes their detention is acknowledged, after prolonged secret
detention and interrogation. In these cases, detentions are only acknowledged
to have occurred as of the date the detainees are transferred from military
to police custody, when public prosecutors are informed of the detention.
The armed forces as a rule, never acknowledge having held prisoners prior to
their transfer to the police. This is a major contributory factor to the
continuing practice of torture and "disappearances".
Human rights violations take place in a context of increasingly violent
activities by armed opposition groups, especially "Sendero Luminoso", which
has claimed responsibility for hundreds of execution-style killings of
government officials, leaders of left-wing political parties and members of
peasant communities believed to have cooperated with the armed forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes and airmail letters:
- expressing concern for the physical safety of the above mentioned people;
- asking that they be charged with a recognizable criminal offence and promptly
brought to court or released;
- asking that all the necessary measures be taken to guarantee their physical
safety and that they be given access to their lawyers, doctors and relatives.
page 2, UA 237/91...
APPEALS TO:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
(Salutation: Sr. Presidente)
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, Perú
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO; 20331 PE SEC PRE
General Jorge Torres Aciego
(Salutation: Sr. Ministro)
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Monterrico
Lima 33, Perú
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Torres, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGI
Sr Subsecretario
Subsecretaría de Política Multilateral
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Jr. Ucayali 363
Lima 1, Perú
Telegrams: Sr Subsecretario
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Lima, Peru
Telexes: (attn: Sr. Subsecretario) 20142; 20165; 20467
General Mario Brito
(Salutation: Sr. General)
Jefe del Comando Político Militar de San Martín
Cuartel Mariscal Cáceres
Morales
Tarapoto, Perú
Telegrams: Jefe Politico-Militar, San Martin, Peru
COPIES TO:
Señores
Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)
Avenida Abancay 210
Of 1102
Lima, Perú
(Human Rights Association)
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 23 August 1991.

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