EXTERNAL AI Index: AMR 46/26/95
28 November 1995
Further information on UA 237/95 (AMR 46/22/95, 12 October 1995) - Fear of
re-detention / Fear of torture
PERUCésar Augusto Sosa Silupú, prisoner of conscience
and 300 other former prisoners
Former prisoner of conscience César Augusto Sosa Silupú has been re-detained.
Amnesty International considers him once again to be a prisoner of conscience
and fears that his re-detention will be followed by the re-detention of hundreds
of other former prisoners of conscience and possible prisoners of conscience.
César Augusto Sosa Silupú was detained on 16 November 1995 by members of the
police at the National University of Piura, his place of work. His re-detention
order was issued because on 6 June 1995 the Supreme Court of justice ruled
to overturn, on procedural grounds, the July 1993 decision of a High Court
to absolve César Augusto Sosa of the "crimes of terrorism".
Between August 1992 and July 1993 César Augusto Sosa was imprisoned after having
been falsely accused of terrorism-related offences. Amnesty International
adopted him as a prisoner of conscience because there was no evidence of him
having any links whatsoever to the armed opposition, the charges he faced
appeared to be politically motivated and he had neither used nor advocated
Since May 1992, when Peru's current anti-terrorism legislation came into effect
(see Peru: Reforms of anti-terrorism laws fail to match international human
rights standards, AMR 46/06/95, October 1995) Amnesty International has adopted
83 prisoners of conscience, 59 of whom have already been released. In addition
the organization has documented the cases of at least a further 800 possible
prisoners of conscience, many of whom have been released.
The release of these prisoners of conscience and possible prisoners of
conscience is ordered by the High Courts, who rule that the defendant is not
guilty or that there is no case against them to answer. However, under Peru's
current anti-terrorism legislation, High Courts' rulings have to be referred
to the Supreme Court of Justice for ratification or veto. In recent months,
the Supreme Court of Justice has frequently ruled to overturn these decisions.
Independent human rights organizations claim that there are at least 300 former
prisoners who, having been falsely charged with crimes of terrorism, and having
spent up to 30 months in prison, face re-detention. Their cases have now to
be heard again before High Courts, which are compelled to order their
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/
airmail letters in Spanish or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the re-detention of prisoner of conscience César Augusto
Sosa Silupú on 16 November 1995;
- urging that he be released immediately and unconditionally;
- expressing concern that there are some 300 other released prisoners of
conscience and possible prisoners of conscience who are also in danger of being
- urging the authorities to take the necessary steps to ensure that those
prisoners falsely accused of terrorism-related offences who have already been
acquitted and released are not re-detained.