UA 137/92 - Peru: fear of "disappearance": Andres Reyes Rojas, Gaudencio Tolentino Romo, Walter Tolentino Romo, Alejandro Ventosilla Castillo, Paulino Ventosilla Castillo, Simon Ventosilla Castillo, Alfonso Ventosilla Pablo, Rafael Ventosilla Rojas
EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/19/92
This is a limited action - please organize up to 20 appeals per section
UA 137/92 Fear of "Disappearance" 1 May 1992
PERU: Andrés REYES ROJAS, 58, farmer
Gaudencio TOLENTINO ROMO, farmer
Walter TOLENTIONO ROMO, 20, farmer
Alejandro VENTOSILLA CASTILLO, 25, teacher
Paulino VENTOSILLA CASTILLO, 23, farmer
Simón VENTOSILLA CASTILLO, 27, teacher
Alfonso VENTOSILLA PABLO, 26, farmer
Rafael VENTOSILLA ROJAS, 50, farmer
Amnesty International fears for the safety of the above two teachers and six farmers
from the community of Cejetuto, Cochamarca, district of Santa María, province of
Huaura (previously known as Chancay), Lima department, who were reportedly detained
and subsequently "disappeared" by members of the army.
According to reports, on 27 April 1992 some forty armed soldiers burst into the homes
of the above mentioned members of the Cejetuto community and detained the eight men.
Rafael Ventosilla Rojas is a former mayor of the Santa María district. Alejandro,
Simón and Paulino Ventosilla Castillo are his sons. Relatives of the "disappeared"
travelled to Lima, the capital, to inform the press of the dententions. The Public
Ministry headquarters in Lima, where complaints as to alleged human rights violations
are lodged, have been closed by Presidential orders since 5 April 1992.
The reports further indicate that relatives of the detainees, who witnessed the
detentions were reportedly threatened with death. All efforts by the relatives to
obtain information as to the whereabouts of the detainees failed. The military
authorities in the area refused to acknowledge the detentions.
On 5 April 1992 President Alberto Fujimori announced the immediate dissolution of
Congress, a reform of the Constitution and a reorganization of the Judiciary and
the Public Ministry. Between then and the end of April most of the Judiciary remained
paralysed and the right of habeas corpus, which is meant to guarantee a court appearance
quickly, was suspended in practice. In 1987 the Inter-American Commission of Human
Rights ruled that the right to habeas corpus cannot be suspended under any
circumstances, even under a state of emergency.
President Fujimori and his government assumed power on 28 July 1990. The government
inherited a legacy of gross human rights violations dating back to January 1983,
including thousands of cases of "disappearance" and extrajudicial execution. In his
inaugural speech the President stated that his government would fully respect human
rights. On a number of subsequent occasions President Fujimori and representatives
of his government have repeated that pledge. However, according to the cases documented
by Amnesty International, between 28 July 1990 and 31 March 1992 some 486 people
allegedly "disappeared" after arrest and 169 were extrajudicially executed. Dozens
of cases of torture, and of death threats and attacks on human rights defenders,
have also been documented by the organization since July 1990.
Page 2 of UA 137/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the "disappearance" of the two teachers and six farmers
named from the Cejetuto community following their reported arrest by members of the
military and urging that their whereabouts be immediately clarified;
- asking that they be given immediate access to representatives of the Public Ministry;
- asking that they be brought before a judge so that they may be charged with a
recognizable criminal offence or be released;
- asking that while in detention they be humanely treated and given access to a lawyer,
doctor and relatives.
- urging that the government immediately and regularly make available a completed
and updated register of people detained after 5 April 1992.
Presidente Alberto Fujimori Señor Presidente / Dear President
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1 PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Alberto Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
2) Minister of Defence:
General EP Víctor Malca Villanueva Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Monterrico, Lima 33, Peru
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Malca, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE CONGREGJ
3) President of the Armed Forces Joint Comand:
General Nicolás Hermoza Ríos Señor General / Dear General
Presidente del Comando Conjunto de las
291 Av. Arequipa
Telegrams: Presidente del Comando Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, Lima, PERU
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
National Commission for Human Rights:
Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos (COMISEDH)
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
Section office, if sending appeals after 12 June 1992.