UA 96/92 - Peru: torture and ill-treatment: Jorge Nabid Leon Ramirez, Cesar Augusto Leon Ramirez
EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/12/92
UA 96/92 Torture and ill-treatement 23 March 1992
PERU: Jorge Nabid LEON RAMIREZ
César Augusto LEON RAMIREZ
Amnesty International is concerned about the alleged torture of Jorge Nabid León
Ramírez and César Augusto León Ramirez by members of the security forces, or by
individuals thought to be acting with their support.
According to reports, on the night of 12 January 1992, on entering his home in the
city of Ayacucho, province of Huamanga, Ayacucho department, Jorge Nabid León Ramírez,
28-year-old student of chemical engineering, was attacked by four armed men who
identified themselves as members of the Los Linces army unit. He was allegedly beaten
while being asked as to the whereabouts of four of his brothers. He was left with
several broken ribs and needed hospitalisation.
On the night of 6 March 1992, 32-year-old César Augusto León Ramírez, one of Jorge
Nabid's brothers and a student of physical education, was attacked on entering his
home by a group of unidentified men in circumstances suggesting that they were linked
to the security forces. He was allegedly hit across the nose with an iron bar and
lost consciousness immediately.
Jorge Nabid and César Augusto are brothers of Américo Carlos León Ramírez who was
detained in the city of Ayacucho on 18 April 1989 and subsequently released (See
UA 116/89, AMR 46/29/89 of 2 May 1989 and follow-up AMR 46/47/89 of 5 July 1989).
Amnesty International subsequently learned that Américo Carlos León Ramírez had been
allegedly tortured during his detention and had to be hospitalised. Américo Carlos
and his family are said to have left Ayacucho city for their own safety.
Jorge Nabid and César Augusto, who had recently returned to study in Ayacucho city,
allege that the attacks are linked to members of the army seeking to discover the
whereabouts of Américo Carlos León Ramírez, following his denunciation to the
authorities and to the Inter American Commission of Human Rights, of his detention
Over the past nine years, Amnesty International has documented a pattern of gross
human rights violations in Peru including at least 4,000 people who have "disappeared"
after having been detained by the security forces. Thousands more appear to have
been killed by government forces in extrajudicial executions. Torture and other
ill-treatment have also been frequently reported. The vast majority of human rights
violations have been carried out against a background of widespread violent abuses
by the armed opposition group Partido Comunista del Perú (Sendero Luminoso), PCP,
Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path), including the torture, mutilation and murder
of thousands of defenceless civilians not directly involved in the armed conflict.
A second armed opposition group, the Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru, MRTA,
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, has also conducted a campaign which has included
the occasional killing of defenceless civilians. Amnesty International has repeatedly
condemned such abuses by the PCP and MRTA.
In November 1991 Amnesty International published a report on the human rights situation
in Peru which included a set of comprehensive reforms designed to halt human rights
violations. (See Peru: Human rights in a climate of terror, AI Index:AMR 46/56/91).
The report was sent to the Government of Peru.
Page 2 of UA 96/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/airmail letters:
- asking that the allegations of torture and ill-treatment of Jorge Nabid and César
Augusto León Ramírez be thoroughly investigated and the perpetrators brought to
- expressing concern for the physical safety of the two brothers;
- urging that Jorge Nabid and César Augusto as well as Américo Carlos León Ramírez
and the other members of the family be granted full guarantees for their safety.
Presidente Alberto Fujimori Señor Presidente / Dear President
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
2) Minister of Defence:
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Villanueva, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
3) Undersecretary of Multilateral Policy:
Sr Guillermo Guillén Salas Señor Embajador / Dear Ambassador
Subsecretaría de Política Multilateral
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Jr. Ucayali 363
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Sr Subsecretario, Ministerior Relaciones Exteriores, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20142; 20165; 20467 (attn. Sr. Subsecretario)
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Association:
Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 4 May 1992.