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UA 83/92 - Peru: "disappearances": Carlos Vela Pizango, Javier Giron Poma, Jaime Trinidad Castro

, Index number: AMR 46/009/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/09/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 83/92 "Disappearances" 10 March 1992
PERU Carlos VELA PIZANGO
Javier GIRON POMA
Jaime TRINIDAD CASTRO
Amnesty International is concerned about the "disappearance" after detention
by members of the navy of Carlos Vela Pizango, Javier Girón Poma and Jaime
Trinidad Castro in the department of Ucayali.
According to reports, in the early hours of 27 January 1992 Carlos Vela Pizango
was detained in the hamlet of Libertad, Padre Abad province, Ucayali department
by members of the navy from the Aguaytía naval base. His detention reportedly
took place in the presence of relatives and neighbours. He has not been seen
since.
On 28 January 1992 Javier Girón Poma and Jaime Trinidad Castro were reportedly
detained by members of the navy in the hamlet of San Antonio, Ucayali department.
They were reportedly detained in the presence of local residents as they were
travelling by boat along the river Ucayali towards the district of Tirután.
The two men remain "disappeared".
The "disappearances" have reportedly been denounced to the Fiscal de la Nación,
the Attorney General, the Public Ministry's Fiscalía de Derechos Humanos, the
Office of the Public Prosecutor of Human Rights, and a legal complaint was
made to the Ministerio de Defensa, the Ministry of Defence.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
Gross and widespread human rights violations have afflicted Peru since 1983,
especially in areas designated emergency zones under military control.
Emergency zones form the core of counter-insurgency strategy to combat
widespread armed opposition, principally from the Partido Comunista del Perú
(Sendero Luminoso), PCP, Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path), which has
been responsible for extensive atrocities since it commenced armed actions
in 1980.
Since the armed conflict began, thousands of people have "disappeared" or been
extrajudicially executed by the security forces in the emergency zones. Most
of those whose bodies were found had been brutally tortured, as were the few
who survived "disappearance". However, in recent years "disappearances" and
extrajudicial executions have spread beyond the emergency zones to afflict
the entire country.
In September 1991 Decree Law 625 was promulgated and became immediately
effective. The decree authorises prosecutors from the Public Ministry to enter
all police and military centres of detention, including in the emergency zones.
Following this and other measures, the number of reported "disappearances"
has fallen markedly. However, Amnesty International has continued to receive
information of a pattern of "disappearances" in the departments of Huánuco,
Junín and Ayacucho.
Page 2 of UA 82/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail
letters:
- expressing concern at the "disappearance" of Carlos Vela Pizango, Javier
Girón Poma and Jaime Trinidad Castro following their detention by members of
the navy in the department of Ucayali and urging that their whereabouts be
immediately clarified;
- asking that they be given immediate access to representatives of the Public
Ministry;
- asking that they be brought before a judge so that they may be charged with
a recognizable criminal offence or be released;
- asking that while in detention they be humanely treated and given access
to a lawyer, doctor and relatives.
APPEALS TO
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori Señor Presidente / Dear President
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
2) Minister of Defence:
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Monterrico
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Villanueva, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
3) Undersecretary of Multilateral Policy:
Subsecretaría de Política Multilateral Señor Embajador /
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores Dear Ambassador
Jr. Ucayali 363
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Sr Subsecretario, Ministerior Relaciones Exteriores, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20142; 20165; 20467 (attn. Sr. Subsecretario)
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Organization:
Señores
CEAS
Apartado 363
Lima 11, PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 21 April 1992.

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