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UA 69/92 - Peru: possible extrajudicial execution: Magdalena Ramirez Medina, Arnulfo Acevedo Paucar, Nemecio Ramirez Medina, Manuel Palacios Gomero, Vicente Mejia Cruz; legal concern / fear of disappearance": Avelino Vega, President of the Challhuayaco Ci

, Index number: AMR 46/005/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/05/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 69/92 Possible Extrajudicial Executions
Legal Concern/Fear of "Disappearance" 25 February 1992
Possible Extrajudicial Executions:
Legal Concern/Fear of "Disappearance":
Avelino VEGA, President of the Challhuayaco Civil Patrol
Amnesty International is concerned about the killing by the police of five peasants and
the subsequent detention of two community members, in the district of Chavín, Huari province,
Ancash department, in circumstances suggesting they may have been extrajudicially executed.
According to an eyewitness testimony and a written complaint, lodged with the Chamber of
Deputies in Lima, the capital, by a peasant delegation from the area, on 8 February 1992,
members of the police opened fire on some 300 unarmed men and women as they peacefully
approached a police station in the district of Chavín. As a result, five peasants were
killed and at least eight others wounded. Some peasants reportedly attempted to take away
the injured, one of whom, Vicente Mejía Cruz, died on the way to hospital. The bodies
of Magdalena Ramírez Medina, Arnulfo Acevedo Paucar, Nemecio Ramírez Medina and Manuel
Palacios Gomero were left behind; they were later reportedly retrieved by the police and
a judge.
Prior to the killings, ronderos, members of the San Marcos district ronda campesina, an
independent and legally registered peasant organization established to control local crime
and cattle rustling, had detained an alleged cattle thief (abigeo). The cattle thief was
subsequently taken by the police to the police station in Chavín.
A delegation of ronderos was named to inquire at the police station as to why the cattle
thief had been subsequently freed. The delegates were accompanied by some 300 peasants
because on a previous occasion, on 31 July 1989, two ronderos, Pedro Valenzuela Tamayo
and Manuel Mejía Contrina, had been to the same police station where they were reportedly
detained and "disappeared". They were subsequently found dead (see UA 342/89, AMR 46/67/89,
7 September 1989 and AMR 46/04/90, 17 January 1990).
On 17 February 1992, two local community delegates, Avelino Vega, Presidente de la Ronda
Campesina de Challhuayaco, President of the Challhuayaco Civil Patrol, and Mansueto Asencio
Solís, were reportedly detained by the Policía Técnica, the investigative police, at a
highway police check-point as they attempted to travel to Lima by bus to denounce the killings
of 8 February 1992. It is not known whether the two men are still detained, but there
are serious fears for their safety.
On 20 February 1992 the killings were denounced by four delegates from local communities
to the Justice and Human Rights Commissions of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies and
to the Ministry of the Interior.
Gross and widespread human rights violations have afflicted Peru since 1983, especially
in areas designated emergency zones under military control. Emergency zones form the core
of counter-insurgency strategy to combat widespread armed opposition, principally from
Sendero Luminoso which has been responsible for extensive atrocities since it commenced
armed actions in 1980.
Since the armed conflict began, thousands of people have "disappeared" or been
extrajudicially executed by the security forces in the emergency zones. Most of those whose
bodies were found had been brutally tortured, as were the few who survived "disappearance".
However, in recent years "disappearances" and extrajudicial executions have spread beyond
the emergency zones to afflict the entire country. The above alleged killings in the
province of Huari on 8 February 1992 took place in an area not under state of emergency.
page 2 of UA 69/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/airmail letters:
- asking that the detention of Avelino Vega and Mansueto Asencio Solís be immediately
acknowledged and that they be given immediate access to representatives of the Public
- asking that they be brought before a judge so that they may be charged with a recognizably
criminal offence or be released;
- asking that while in detention they be humanely treated and given access to a lawyer,
doctor and relatives;
- urging that a thorough and impartial investigation be immediately ordered into the killing
of the five people on 8 February 1992;
- urging that the findings be made public and that those found responsible be brought to
- urging that concrete steps be taken with the utmost urgency to guarantee the personal
security of all witnesses.
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República del Perú
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima,
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear
2) Minister of the Interior:
General EP Juan Briones Dávila
Ministro del Interior
Ministerio del Interior
Plaza 30 de Agosto 150
San Isidro, Urb. Córpac
Lima 27, PERU
Telexes: 21133 PE OCMI/21697
Telegrams: Ministro Interior Davila,
Lima, Perú
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
3) Chief Director of the Investigative
General PNP-PT Pablo Rivera Portal
Director Superior de la Policía Técnica
Plaza 30 de Agosto 150
San Isidro, Urb. Córpac
Lima 27, PERU
Telegrams: Chief Director Portal, Policía
Técnica, Lima Perú
Salutation: Señor Director Superior
Subsecretary of Multilateral Policy:
Subsecretaría de Política Multilateral
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Jr. Ucayali 363, Lima 1, PERU
Human Rights Organization:
Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)
Pachacutec 980
Jesús María
Lima, PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 7 April 1992.

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