UA 53/92 - Peru: fear of "disappearance": Roberto Rojas Rodriguez, Anatolio Rojas Sanchez, Horacio Montenegro Ramos, Isabel Gomez Lucas, Fanol Rojas Sanchez
EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/04/92
UA 53/92 Fear of "Disappearance" 14 February 1992
PERU Roberto ROJAS RODRÍGUEZ
Anatolio ROJAS SÁNCHEZ
Horacio MONTENEGRO RAMOS
Isabel GÓMEZ LUCAS (female)
Fanol ROJAS SÁNCHEZ
Amnesty International is concerned about the "disappearance" after detention
by the police of the five peasants named above, all of whom are leaders of
Rondas Campesinas de Defensa Civil, the Peasant Civil Defence Patrols from
the hamlet of Chimchimabara, district of Huaso, Otuzco province, La Libertad
According to reports, they were all detained by members of the Policía Técnica,
the investigative police, on 11 February 1992 in the presence of witnesses
from the community of Chimchimabara. The police authorities are denying that
these five have been detained and their whereabouts are unknown.
The detention and subsequent "disappearance" of the five men has been denounced
to the Fiscal Provincial, the provincial attorney, the Juez Instructor, the
inspecting magistrate, and the Policía Técnica, all from Otuzco.
No part of La Libertad department is under a state of emergency at present.
Gross and widespread human rights violations have afflicted Peru since 1983,
as more and more areas of the country are designated emergency zones under
military control. Emergency zones form the core of counter-insurgency strategy
to combat widespread armed opposition, principally from Sendero Luminoso which
has been responsible for extensive atrocities since it commenced armed actions
Since the armed conflict began, thousands of people have "disappeared" or been
extrajudicially executed by the security forces in the emergency zones. Most
of those whose bodies were found had been brutally tortured, as were the few
who survived "disappearance". In recent years "disappearances" and
extrajudicial executions have spread beyond the emergency zones to afflict
the entire country.
In September 1991 Decree Law 625 was promulgated and became immediately
effective. The decree authorises prosecutors from the Public Ministry to enter
all police and military centres of detention, including in the emergency zones.
Following this and other measures, the number of reported "disappearances"
has fallen markedly. However, Amnesty International has continued to receive
information of a pattern of "disappearances" in the departments of Huánuco,
Junín and Ayacucho. This is the first report of "disappearance" outside the
emergency zones since August 1991.
Page 2 of UA 53/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the "disappearance" of the five members of civil
defence patrols named above, following their reported detention by members
of the police in Otuzco province and urging that their whereabouts be immediately
- asking that they be given immediate access to representatives of the Public
Ministry and the International Committee of the Red Cross;
- asking that they be brought before a judge so that they may be charged with
a recognizable criminal offence or be released;
- asking that while in detention they be humanely treated and given access
to a lawyer, doctor and relatives.
1) Minister of the Interior:
General EP Juan Briones Dávila Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
Ministro del Interior
Ministerio del Interior
Plaza 30 de Agosto 150
San Isidro, Urb. Córpac
Lima 27, Peru
Telegrams: Ministro Interior Davila, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 21133 PE OCMI or 21697
2) Undersecretary of Multilateral Policy:
Embajador Fernando Guillén Salas Señor Embajador / Dear Ambassador
Subsecretario de Política Multilateral
Subsecretaría de Política Multilateral
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Jr. Ucayali 363
Lima 1, Peru
Telegrams: Sr Subsecretario, Ministerio Relaciones Exteriores, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25435 PE ESTADO
3) Provincial Division of the Investigative Police:
Director de la Policía Técnica Señor Director /
Policía Técnica de Otuzco Dear Sir
Telegrams: Policia Tecnica de Otuzco, La LIbertad, Peru
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Confederación Campesina del Perú (CCP)
Lima 100, Peru
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 27 March 1992.