UA 25/91 - Peru: "disappearance": Edwin Ramirez Moreno
EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/04/91
UA 25/91 "Disappearance" 25 January 1991
PERU : Edwin RAMIREZ MORENO, aged 27
Amnesty International is concerned about the reported "disappearance" of Edwin
Ramírez Moreno, a worker of the Empresa Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (ENTEL),
the Peruvian Telecommunications Company. According to reports, Edwin Ramírez
was seen around 16 January 1991 by persons released from the Puerto Inca riverside
naval base in Ucayali department.
The detention of Edwin Ramírez Moreno has not been acknowledged by the
authorities and a writ of habeas corpus presented on his behalf has been rejected.
Edwin Ramírez was apparently planning to travel to Pucallpa on a river tug.
On 13 November 1990 he and his girlfriend went to the Harbour Master's Office
of Contamana in the province of Ucayali, Loreto department, to request a travel
authorization. He was reportedly told that he did not need such authorization
but that he should leave his documents there and return for them later. When
he returned at 7.30pm his girlfriend saw him entering the Harbour Master's Office
but remained outside waiting for him. That was the last she saw of him.
A writ of habeas corpus presented on his behalf was rejected by the judge
on the basis that the navy authorities admitted having seen Edwin Ramírez but
claimed to have told him that he didn't need any authorization to travel to Pucallpa.
The navy authorities deny having detained him.
Amnesty International is concerned that Edwin Ramírez may be tortured or
For the last eight years Amnesty International has received numerous reports of
incommunicado and unacknowledged detentions in Peru, some of which have led to
"disappearances". Most of them have occurred in rural areas and have been carried
out by uniformed members of the security forces, who often refuse to acknowledge
the detentions. Many of those detained by the armed forces "disappear"
indefinitely; others are released after days or weeks in secret custody, during
which time they may be subjected to torture. Sometimes their detention is
acknowledged, after prolonged secret detention and interrogation. In these cases
detentions are only acknowledged to have occurred as of the date they are
transferred from military to police custody, when public prosecutors are informed
of them. The armed forces as a rule never acknowledge having held prisoners prior
to their transfer to the police. This is a major contributing factor to the
continuing practice of torture and "disappearance".
Human rights violations take place in a context of increasingly violent
activities by armed opposition groups, especially "Sendero Luminoso", which has
claimed responsibility for hundreds of execution-style killings of government
officials, leaders of left-wing political parties and members of peasant
communities believed to have cooperated with the armed forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern that Edwin Ramírez was last seen entering the Harbour Master's
Office on 13 November 1990 and requesting that his whereabouts be disclosed;
- asking that if detained he be humanely treated and given access to a lawyer,
a doctor and his relatives;
- asking that he be promptly charged and brought before a competent court or
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO; 20331 PE SEC PRE
Faxes: + 51 14 33 1945
General Jorge Torres Aciego
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Torres, Lima, Perú
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
Faxes: + 51 14 35 9997
Sr Jefe del Comando Político-Militar
Departamento de Ucayali
Telegrams: Jefe Politico-Militar Ucayali, Pucallpa, Peru
Lima 1, PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or
your section office, if sending appeals after 8 March 1991.
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