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UA 08/91 - Peru "disappearance": Martin Zaire Quispe

, Index number: AMR 46/003/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/03/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 08/91 "Disappearance" 14 January 1991
PERU: Martín ZAIRE QUISPE, University Professor
Amnesty International is concerned about the reported "disappearance" of Martín
Zaire Quispe, an Accountancy Professor at the Private University of Apurímac.
According to reports, he was detained on 3 January 1991 by members of
the army on the road leading from Aymaraes to Abancay, department of Apurímac.
He was apparently taken to the Aymaraes military base, where, although
initially acknowledged, his detention was later denied by the authorities.
No further information on the circumstances of the reported detention
and subsequent "disappearance" of Martín Zaire Quispe is available at present.
For the last eight years Amnesty International has received numerous reports
of incommunicado and unacknowledged detentions from Peru, some of which have
led to "disappearances". Most of them have occurred in rural areas and have
been carried out by uniformed members of the security forces, who often refuse
to acknowledge the detentions. Many of those detained by the armed forces
"disappear" indefinitely; others are released after days or weeks in secret
custody, during which time they may be subjected to torture. Sometimes their
detention is acknowledged, after prolonged secret detention and interrogation.
In these cases detentions are only acknowledged to have occurred as of the
date they are transferred from military to police custody, when public
prosecutors are informed of them. The armed forces as a rule never acknowledge
having held prisoners prior to their transfer to the police. This is a major
contributing factor to the continuing practice of torture and "disappearance".
Human rights violations take place in a context of increasingly violent
activities by armed opposition groups, especially "Sendero Luminoso", which
has claimed responsibility for hundreds of execution-style killings of
government officials, leaders of left-wing political parties and members of
peasant communities believed to have cooperated with the armed forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the reported "disappearance" after detention of Martín
Zaire Quispe;
- requesting that his legal situation be clarified;
- asking that all the necessary measures be taken to ensure his physical safety
and that he be given access to lawyers, doctors and relatives.
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO; 20331 PE SEC PRE
General Jorge Torres Aciego
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Torres, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25483 PE COMGREGJ
Faxes: + 51 14 35 9997
Apartado Postal 11-0247
Lima 11, PERU
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 25 February 1991.

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