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UA 358/93 - Guatemala: death threats: Rigoberta Menchu, Juan Jose Rodil Peralta, Rosalina Tuyuc, Rosario Pu Gomez, Nineth Montenegro, Fernando Lopez Antillon, Leonor Paz y Paz, Maria Toj, Romeo Monterrosa, Byron Morales, Otto Peralta, Marco Augusto Quiroa

, Index number: AMR 34/070/1993

On 5 October 1993 a communication signed by a group calling itself the Movimiento Anticomunista "Roberto Lorenzana", Anticommunist Movement "Roberto Lorenzana", was placed under the doors of certain human rights organizations. It accuses the Supreme Court President Juan Jose Rodil Peralta and indigenous leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchu, of links with the armed opposition, Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG), and declares open war on them. It also threatens the 20 other people listed above, stating that they have 72 hours to leave the country or else they will be considered as military targets.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 34/70/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 358/93 Death Threats 7 October 1993
GUATEMALA Rigoberta MENCHU, indigenous leader
Juan José RODIL PERALTA, Supreme Court President
Rosalina TUYUC )
Rosario PU GOMEZ ) human rights workers
Nineth MONTENEGRO )
Fernando LOPEZ ANTILLON )
Leonor PAZ Y PAZ, writer
María TOJ )
Romeo MONTERROSA ) trade union members
Byron MORALES )
Otto PERALTA )
Marco Augusto QUIROA, painter
Marco Vinicio MEJIA DAVILA)
Hugo ARCE )
Aroldo XITUMUL ) journalists
Carlos RAFAEL SOTO )
Haroldo SANCHEZ )
Marina CORONADO )
ctor ROSADA, Head of governmental delegation for the peace negotiations
Guillermo GIRON VALDEZ
Carlos SAY
Marco TULIO JUAREZ
On 5 October 1993 a communication signed by a group calling itself the Movimiento Anticomunista `Roberto Lorenzana',
Anticommunist Movement `Roberto Lorenzana', was placed under the doors of certain human rights organizations. This
communication accuses Supreme Court President Juan José Rodil Peralta and indigenous leader and Nobel Peace Prize
winner Rigoberta Menchú, of links with the leadership of the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional de Guatemala
(URNG), Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity, the broad front grouping of the Guatemalan
armed opposition. It declares "guerra abierta" (open war) on them and that Juan José Rodil
Peralta's days are numbered. Amnesty International fears for their safety.
The communication also threatens the 20 other people listed above, stating that they have
72 hours to leave the country or else they will be considered as military targets ("tienen
un plazo de setenta y dos horas para abandonar el país o serán considerados objetivos
militares").
On a number of occasions in the past, those named on death lists or accused by the authorities
of having links with the armed opposition in Guatemala have subsequently been assaulted, and
a number killed. Several amongst those included on this latest death list have been threatened,
including, Rosario Pú Gómez and Rosalina Tuyuc of the Coordinadora Nacional de Viudas de
Guatemala (CONAVIGUA), National Coordinating Committee of Widows of Guatemala (see UA 39/92,
AMR 34/07/92, 4 February 1992 and UA 182/90, AMR 34/39/90, 29 June 1990); Nineth Montenegro
of the Grupo de Apoyo Mutuo por el Aparecimiento con Vida de Nuestros Familiares (GAM), Mutual
Support Group for the Appearance of Our Relatives Alive, has received countless death threats,
the latest of which was in September 1993 (see UA 335/93, AMR 34/65/93, 21 September 1993).
Also threatened were Byron Morales and Romeo Monterrosa, of the Unidad de Acción Sindical
y Popular (UASP), Unity of Trade Union and Popular Action, and Otto Peralta, who is a legal
advisor of the Asociación de Estudiantes Universitarios (AEU), Association of University
Students. The AEU offices were the object of bomb attacks twice in 1992, many of its members
received threats throughout that year and in May 1993 AEU member Mario José Colindres was
killed (see UA 171/93, AMR 34/29/93, 26 May 1993). Hugo Arce, a journalist for Siglo XXI,
has also repeatedly received threats in the past. Several of those named above were included
in an anonymous flyer circulated in Guatemala City on 27 March 1993 which accused 24 people
of "being spokespersons for, defenders of, and sympathizers with the subversion and its
organizations" (see UA 96/93, AMR 34/14/93, 2 April 1993). Fernando López Antillon is the
legal advisor for the Oficina de Derechos Humanos del Arzobispado de Guatemala (ODHAG), the
human rights office of the archbishop, and has come to play a pivotal role in the protection
of human rights.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Trade unionists, student leaders, journalists and those working with non-governmental
organizations, particularly those attempting to investigate and protect human rights have
been long-term targets of abuses in Guatemala, including harassment, threats, torture,
"disappearances", and extrajudicial executions. Such abuses have sometimes been preceded by
anonymous death threats, such as those issued in this instance.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters either
in Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the threats received by the persons named above in a communication
dated 5 October 1993 from the so-called Movimiento Anticomunista `Roberto Lorenzana';
- urging the government to take immediate measures to protect the safety of all those named
in the communication;
- asking for an immediate investigation into these threats and that those responsible be brought
to justice.
APPEALS TO
1) President of the Republic:
S.E. Ramiro de León Carpio
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Presidente de León Carpio, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 537472, + 502 2 519702
Telexes: 5331 CAPRES GU
Salutation: Excelentísimo Sr. Presidente /Dear President
2) Minister of Interior:
Lic. Arnoldo Ortiz Moscoso
Ministro de Gobernación
Ministerio de Gobernación
Despacho Ministerial, Of. No. 8
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Gobernación, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 518105
Telexes: 5085 MINGOB
Salutation: Sr. Ministro / Dear Minister
3) Minister of Defence:
Gral. Mario Enríquez Morales
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Defensa, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: +502 2 537472
Telexes: 5361 COMGUA GU
Salutation: Sr. Ministro / Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Procurator
Lic. Jorge García Laguardia
Procurador de los Derechos Humanos
12 Avenida 12-72
Zona 1, Guatemala
GUATEMALA
Human rights organizations
Grupo de Apoyo Mutuo por el Aparecimiento
con Vida de Nuestros Familiares (GAM)
5a. Avenida 9-11, Zona 12
Ciudad de Guatemala
GUATEMALA
Coordinadora Nacional de Viudas
de Guatemala (CONAVIGUA)
8a. Avenida 2-29
Zona 1, Guatemala
GUATEMALA
Newspaper
Siglo XXI
7a Avenida 11-63
Edificio Galerías España, 6o Piso.
Zona 9, Guatemala
GUATEMALA
and to diplomatic representatives of Guatemala accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 18 November 1993

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